Home    eJManager.com Add Your Journal   |    Follow on Twitter   |    Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Study of antimicrobial prescribing pattern in a tertiary care teaching hospital at Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India - A tool to teach clinical pharmacology to MBBS students

Mirza Atif Beg, Shalu Bawa, Shaktibala Dutta, Mohammad Anjoom, Subhash Vishal.

Abstract
Background: Due to increasing resistance to a majority of antimicrobials, it becomes very necessary to teach undergraduate students, the future prescribers, about the judicious and rational use of antimicrobial drugs. The objective of this study was to impart the basic clinical skills to undergraduate MBBS students which will form an integral component of practising rational therapeutics.
Methods: A total no of 737 cases were followed up by the 5th semester 2nd Professional MBBS students in the Department of Pharmacology at Shri Guru Ram Rai Institute of Medical and Health Sciences (SGRRIM and HS), Dehradun from June 2013 to July 2015. Patients were analysed on various WHO drug use indicators like drug formulations, drugs prescribed per prescription, Fixed dose Combinations (FDCs), drugs prescribed from National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM) and drugs prescribed by generic names.
Results: A total of 737 prescriptions were analysed. Male: Female ratio was 1.74:1 (63.50%:36.50%). Majority of the patients 218 (29.58%) were in 16-30 years age group. A total of 1205 antimicrobials were prescribed. 304 (25.23%) cephalosporins were most frequent followed by 184(15.27%) penicillins, 176(14.61%) antitubercular drugs, 163(13.53%) nitroimidazoles, 143 (11.87%) fluoroquinolones, 102 (8.46%) aminoglycosides, 29 (2.41%) macrolides, 19 (1.58%) tetracyclines, 12 (1%) carbapenems, 11 (0.91%) antimalarials, 11 (0.91%) antihelminthics, 6 (0.50%) glycopeptides, 4 (0.33%) lincosamides and 41 (3.41%) miscellaneous antimicrobials. Most frequently prescribed antimicrobial was Ceftriaxone which was given in 97 (8.05 %) patients. A total of 424 (35.19%) oral antimicrobials, 777 (64.48%) injectable antimicrobials and 04 (0.33%) local/topical antimicrobial drugs were prescribed. 5.13 drugs per prescription and 1.64 antimicrobials per prescription were prescribed. 2100 (55.56%) drugs were prescribed from National List of Essential Medicine 2015 (NLEM 2015). 1177 (97.68%) antimicrobials were prescribed from NLEM. 1110 (92.12%) antimicrobials were prescribed by brand names. A total of 342 (28.38%); fixed dose combinations of antimicrobials were prescribed.
Conclusions: Majority of the prescriptions revealed poly-pharmacy and a very high percentage of drugs were prescribed by their respective brand names. It is only by observing drug utilization patterns, current trends and common errors in prescriptions can be highlighted and rational prescription of antimicrobials can be taught to MBBS students.

Key words: Antimicrobials, Prescribing pattern, WHO drug use indicators, Rational prescription


Full text links

Share this Article




ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
eJManager OJMS
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of eJManager LLC Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMedź Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons