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Study of drug prescriptions in medical in-patients in a teaching hospital

Ramesh L..

Background: Study of prescriptions reveals the drug utilization pattern in a given hospital at a given time. This study was conducted to observe and analyse the prescribing pattern of drugs for the in-patients in the general medicine department of a teaching hospital.
Methods: In a prospective observational study, a total of 234 prescriptions of in-patients of general medicine department of a teaching hospital were analysed. The drugs prescribed their route of administration, diagnosis and demographic data were recorded.
Results: Pantoprazole and ondansetron were found in most of the prescriptions. Antimicrobials were the commonest class of drugs prescribed. Cephalosporins, metronidazole, doxycycline, ofloxacin and amoxicillin+clavulanate accounted for most of the antimicrobials. Drugs prescribed from the national list of essential medicines (NLEM) was 75.97%. Only 3% of the drugs were prescribed by generic names.
Conclusions: Prescription of pantoprazole and ondansetron was very frequent in this study. Antimicrobials were found in most of the prescriptions. All the prescriptions in this study had injectable drugs. Three-fourths of the drugs were from the national list

Key words: Drug utilization, General medicine, In-patients

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