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Performance based assessment by introducing active learning in second MBBS students in pharmacology

Naresh D. Balani, Prabodh A. Wankhade.

Abstract
Background: Currently internal assessment by Maharashtra University Health Science, Nashik is being calculated purely on terminal exams performances, in traditional way which does not reflect active performances by participation in seminar, quiz, problem bases learning, research methodology, individualization of therapy etc.
Methods: 35% score in internal assessment is required for eligibility to appear in final exam. On the principle of active participation by pupils while undergoing the training in pharmacology, 83 willing participants from different batches were subjected to the study on their performance scores. Passing criteria was arbitrarily ascertained i.e. either 50% or percentile 60. Percentage was calculated from sum of the scores out of total maximum of different heads, whereas percentile was calculated from sum of the scores out of collective maximum scores.
Results: We have observed 73 out of 83 passed on percentage criteria and 74 out of 83 had 60 percentile above scores. The remaining students (10 and 9 respectively) could not reach above said passing criteria due to their non-participation in some of the exercises. Simultaneously using this active participation technique the hidden talent of different abilities can be identified in individual student. Similarly weak areas can also be identified which require improvements.
Conclusions: The technique can be useful alternative to final exams in case promotion pattern of assessment is to be applied by institution or if approved, by universities.

Key words: Active learning, Co-curricular activity, Continued medical education, Immediate recall, Problem based learning, Psychomotor domain, Research project, Rational use of medicines,


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