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A clinical study of deviated nasal septum with special reference to conventional and endoscopic septoplasty

Mohammad Nizamuddin Khan, Kripamoy Nath, Shams Uddin.

Abstract
Background: Deviated nasal septum is a very common condition. It causes nasal obstruction, epistaxis, sinusitis, headache and obstructive sleep apnea. Septoplasty is one of the most common procedures performed for correction of deviated nasal septum. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence of DNS with respect to age, sex, type of septal deviation and presenting complaints and compare if endoscopic septoplasty is better than conventional septoplasty.
Methods: The present study was conducted among 115 cases of DNS for a period of one year. While detailed clinical study was done in 115 cases, surgery was performed in 60 cases. They were divided into group A and group B with 30 cases in each group. Conventional septoplasty was performed in group A while endoscopic septoplasty in group B.
Results: The male to female ratio was found to be 2.19:1. Majority (37.18%) patients were of age group 11-20 years with deviation to the left (54.78%). Nasal obstruction (58.26%) was the commonest presenting complaint. Postoperatively, a significant relief of symptoms were observed in endoscopic septoplasty in terms of nasal obstruction (93.33%) and hyposmia (87.5%). Post-operative complications were higher in conventional septoplasty with significant rate of residual deviation.
Conclusions: Our study showed that functional outcome was better and post-operative complications were less in endoscopic septoplasty. Endoscopic septoplasty provides better illumination which helps to identify septal deviation accurately while reducing the postoperative complications due to limited dissection and lesser trauma to septal cartilage.

Key words: Conventional septoplasty, Deviated nasal septum, Endoscopic septoplasty


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