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Role of diagnostic laparoscopy in infertility

Divyesh N. Panchal, Ami Shah.

Abstract
Background: Use of diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy in infertility has been a focus of attention in recent years and demonstrated to be very effective method in evaluating these cases. The main objective of the study was to detect the diagnostic efficacy of laparoscopy in uterine, pelvic and ovarian pathologies.
Methods: This prospective study included 50 infertile women and it was conducted at department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Smt. N.H.L. Municipal Medical College, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad during the period between May 2006 to November 2008. After thorough gynecological examination, necessary investigations were made and written consent form was taken from them before laparoscopy. The patients were kept fasting for 24 hours before the laparoscopy and the procedure was performed under general anaesthesia. All the data was collected on pre-designed proforma and the results were tabulated and raw percentages calculated to describe the results.
Results: Among 50 patients, 34 were of primary infertility cases and 16 were of secondary infertility. In primary infertility maximum number of patient belonged to age group of 21-25 years where as secondary infertility were under the age group 26 – 30 years and above 31 years of age. In primary infertility 65% patients had active marriage life duration of 2 – 4 years, while in secondary infertility cases 81% of patients had marriage life age of more than 6 years. Out of 50 patients, 14 (28%) had absolutely normal laparoscopic findings. Among the various pathologies observed, ovarian pathology contributed the most (36%), followed by tubal (26%), pelvic (22%) and uterine (10%) pathologies.
Conclusions: Laparoscopy is safe and cost effective method and should be considered as prime diagnostic tool for evaluating the etiology of infertility in women and for effective treatment decisions.

Key words: Infertility, Laparoscopy, Primary and secondary infertility


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