Home    eJManager.com Add Your Journal   |    Follow on Twitter   |    Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Non-prescription sale of antibiotics in pharmacies across Puducherry, India

Mohan Jaganathan, Vallish BN, Brahadeesh Mayathevar, Raj Kishore Mahato.

Abstract
Background: Despite being illegal, non-prescription sales of antibiotics in India continue to be a major contributor to antibiotic abuse, which fosters antibiotic resistance.
Methods: Two trained actors simulated symptoms of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in 60 pharmacies each randomly selected in the Union Territory of Pondicherry, India. The ease of obtaining antibiotics, any additional enquiries made by the pharmacies, and any additional advise given were noted.
Results: Only 33/120 pharmacies (27.5%) declined to dispense antibiotics without prescription; all 33 were attached to a hospital or nursing home. The most frequently dispensed antibiotics for AGE and URTI were ciprofloxacin (41.4%) and coamoxiclav (41.3%) respectively. Out of the 87 pharmacies which dispensed antibiotics without prescription, the presence of additional symptoms and previous drug allergy were enquired by 20 (22.9%) and 9 (10.3%) pharmacies respectively. While over half of the pharmacies gave instructions regarding dose, duration and frequency of antibiotic consumption, none of the pharmacies provided information regarding adverse reaction profile of antibiotics. Non-pharmacological measures for symptomatic improvement were advised by 24/120 pharmacies (20%).
Conclusions: Non-prescription sales of antibiotics are unacceptably high in Pondicherry. Stricter implementation of the law and public awareness of the perils of inappropriate antibiotic usage are the need of the hour.

Key words: Antibiotics, Acute gastroenteritis, Non-prescription usage, Pharmacies, Upper respiratory tract infection


Full text links

Share this Article




ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
eJManager OJMS
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of eJManager LLC Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMedź Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons