OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of various risk factors for stroke and its sub-types
among males and females.
DESIGN: Cross sectional /Observational study.
PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted at the Medical Department of
Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad/Jamshoro from January 2006 to March 2007.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with features of stroke confirmed by CT scan brain were
enrolled. Brain imaging showing abnormality e.g. brain tumour, meningitis, multiple sclerosis
and metabolic derangements that could explain focal neurologic deficit were the exclusion parameters.
The frequency of various risk factors for stroke and its types among males and females
RESULTS: Out of total 100 patients, 78(78%) presented with infarction stroke and 22(22%) with
hemorrhagic stroke. Their mean age at presentation was 56.89 with SD=8.92 years. Hypertension
35(59.3%) and smoking 18(94.7%) were the most important risk factors among males,
while the presence of diabetes mellitus 16(55.2%) and IHD 10(62.5%) were found to be more
common among females. Forty-two (42%) and 11(11%) males, while 36(36.3%) and 11(11%) females
suffering from cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage respectively. In-hospital mortality
CONCLUSION: Frequency of various risk factors was high in this study which is similar to that
observed in developed countries. Hypertension and smoking were the major risk factors for
males, while diabetes mellitus and IHD were more common in females. We did not find any significant
gender difference between the two stroke types.
CATEGORY: Internal Medicine
Hypertension, Ischemic strokes, Intracerebral hemorrhage, Diabetes mellitus,
Ischemic heart disease.