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Veterinary World
Periodical of Veterinary World
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Open Access

Original Research



Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia

Tesfaheywet Zeryehun Shiferaw, Simeon Haile Onu.

Abstract
Aim: This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence and type of ectoparasitic fauna and associated host-related risk factors in cattle in Bench Maji Zone, Southwestern, Ethiopia, from October 2011 to April 2012.

Materials and Methods: A total of 212 cattle (84 male and 128 female) were sampled and examined. Both physical examination and laboratory investigation were employed in the study.

Results: The study revealed that cattle in the study area were infested with single (24.5%) and multiple (2.8%) ectoparasites with an overall prevalence of 27.3% (58/212). Overall seven species of ectoparasites which belong to tick (16.0%), lice (10.4%) and mite (0.9%), were identified. Seven species of ticks which belong to three genera (Boophilus sp., Amblyoma sp., and Rhipicephalus sp.) were identified. Among the species of ticks Boophilus decoloratus (8.0%), Amblyoma variegatum (4.7%) and Amblyoma coherens (4.2%) were the dominant ones in a decreasing order. Among the three species of lice, the most prevalent was Linognathus vituli (4.7%) followed by Haematopinus euysternus (3.8%) and Damalina bovis (1.9%). Psoroptes bovis (0.9%) was the only mite species recorded in this study. For all ectoparasites there was no statistical deference (p>0.05) between the prevalence of any of the ectoparaisite infestation with regard to sex, age and body condition score.

Conclusion: The present study revealed a high prevalence and diverse fauna of ectoparasites that could potentially hamper the productivity of cattle in the study area, hence serious attention is warranted.

Key words: ectoparasites, Ethiopia, prevalence, ruminants



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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shiferaw TZ, Onu SH. Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. Vet World. 2013; 6(6): 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



Web Style

Shiferaw TZ, Onu SH. Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. www.scopemed.org/?mno=25172 [Access: October 31, 2014]. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shiferaw TZ, Onu SH. Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. Vet World. 2013; 6(6): 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shiferaw TZ, Onu SH. Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. Vet World. (2013), [cited October 31, 2014]; 6(6): 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



Harvard Style

Shiferaw, T. Z. & Onu, S. H. (2013) Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. Vet World, 6 (6), 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



Turabian Style

Shiferaw, Tesfaheywet Zeryehun, and Simeon Haile Onu. 2013. Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. Veterinary World, 6 (6), 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



Chicago Style

Shiferaw, Tesfaheywet Zeryehun, and Simeon Haile Onu. "Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia." Veterinary World 6 (2013), 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shiferaw, Tesfaheywet Zeryehun, and Simeon Haile Onu. "Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia." Veterinary World 6.6 (2013), 291-294. Print. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shiferaw, T. Z. & Onu, S. H. (2013) Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia. Veterinary World, 6 (6), 291-294. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2013.291-294



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