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Original Research

IJHSR. 2016; 6(12): 127-136


A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of a Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Nursing Profession among Pre University Course Students of Selected Colleges, in Bengaluru.

Shirsha Bhandari, Jessy Jacob.

Abstract
Nursing is as old as human life itself; however, the shortage of nurses is not a recent phenomenon. The profession is said to have long suffered from public stereotyping and from being closely associated with feminity and powerlessness. Perception of advanced secondary school students is important because they offer strategic clues towards successful recruitment of next generation of nurses. The objectives of the study were: To assess the knowledge regarding nursing profession among pre university course students, To assess the attitude towards nursing profession among pre university course students, To determine the effectiveness of a structured teaching programme on knowledge and attitude regarding nursing profession among pre university course students, To identify the association of knowledge and attitude regarding nursing profession with selected baseline variables among pre university course students, To identify the correlation between knowledge and attitude regarding nursing profession. The conceptual framework adopted for the study was based on Imogene king’s goal attainment theory (1981). A true experimental pretest- posttest design with control group was used to assess the effectiveness of a structured teaching programme on knowledge and attitude regarding nursing profession among 130 pre university course students of selected colleges in Bengaluru. A researcher prepared 35 questionnaire was used to assess knowledge and researcher prepared likert scale with 25 statements was used to measure attitude regarding nursing profession among pre university course students. The finding of the study reveals that in pretest knowledge, Only 1(1.5%) subjects in control group and none of the subjects in experimental group had very good knowledge. But in posttest 65(100%) subjects in experimental group had very good knowledge whereas only 1(1.5%) had very good knowledge in control group. Finding of the study reveals that in pretest only 8(12.30%) subjects in control group and only 9(13.84%) subjects in experimental group had positive attitude. But in posttest 57 (87.69%) subjects had highly positive attitude and 8(12.30%) subjects had positive attitude in experimental group whereas only 7(10.76%) had positive attitude and none had highly positive attitude towards nursing in control group. The findings of the present study revealed that there was a significant gain in knowledge and attitude regarding nursing profession among pre university course students following structure teaching programme. There was a statistically significant association between mean pretest knowledge score and selected baseline variable such as a family member/ blood relative is a nurse (df=1, p=0.041). There was no statistically significant association between mean pretest attitude score and selected baseline variables. There is no correlation between the knowledge and attitude regarding nursing profession. Hence structure teaching programme can be used to improve the knowledge regarding nursing profession among pre university course students.

Key words: structured teaching programme, knowledge, attitude, nursing profession, pre university course students.



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