Phonological processing skills play a key role in the acquisition of reading and spelling in alphabetic languages. Phonological processing refers to activities that require sensitivity to, or manipulation of, the sounds in words. Prior research has identified three interrelated clusters of phonological processing abilities; phonological awareness, phonological access to lexical store, and phonological memory (Wagner & Torgesen, 1987). These three phonological processes are related strongly to subsequent word decoding abilities, and, in the absence of intervention, they are highly stable individual differences from the late preschool period forward (Lonigan, Burgess & Anthony, 2000).
Result indicates that there is significant difference in the mean score obtained by typically developing children and children with learning disability in Hindi specially Rhyming Production, Manipulation Phoneme Deletion, Manipulation Phoneme Substitution, Manipulation Phoneme Addition, Blending, Segmenting, Forward Digit Recall, Backward Digit Recall, Forward word Recall and Backward Word Recall. Further, it has also be reflected that there is significance difference in English in Rhyming Production, Alliteration Production, Manipulation Final sound Identification, Manipulation Phoneme Deletion, Manipulation Phoneme Substitution, Manipulation Phoneme Addition, Blending, Segmenting, Words Vs Orthographically correct Non-words, Words Vs Homophonous Non words, Backward Digit Recall and Forward word Recall.
Phonological Processing, Phonological Awareness, Phonological recoding, Phonological Memory, Learning Disability.