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IJHSR. 2016; 6(12): 241-247


Prevalence of Hypertension among Adults in Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Funmilayo Esther Omotoye, Rasaki Adegoke Sanusi.

Abstract
Background: Hypertension is on the increase in Nigeria. Due to changing trends in epidemiology of hypertension and its consequences, there is need for regular surveillance on prevalence of hypertension to implement effective control strategies.
Objective: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of hypertension in Ekiti State, Nigeria; both urban and rural communities.
Methods: The study was descriptive cross sectional in design. A total of 1590 consenting adults, aged 20-70years were recruited from six local government areas (LGAs); from each LGA, one urban and two rural communities were selected using simple random sampling. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and medical history were obtained using interviewer-administered, semi-structured questionnaire. Blood pressure (BP) was measured on three occasions using standard methods (BP

Key words: Hypertension, Blood pressure, rural/urban hypertension.



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