Health status is an important determinant of economic and social development of a population. Life expectancy, an indicator of measuring health status of a population, has been increasing worldwide over the years. Longer life does not necessarily mean healthier life. Health expectancy, an important indicator of measuring the quality of life lived by a population. The objective of this study is to examine whether gender differentials in health expectancy exists in the rural areas of Nagaland- a hilly state in the north east India. Age specific proportions of persons afflicted by disease were collected from 5404 individuals belonging to 1150 households using a cross sectional survey conducted in May- July, 2011 in 23 villages of Kohima and Dimapur districts of Nagaland. Sullivanís method was used to estimate the health expectancies for both sexes in the rural areas of Nagaland. The health expectancies at birth for males (females) in the rural areas of Nagaland were found to be 50.64 (52.27) years. A clear gender differential has been observed with females having an advantage in health expectancies compared to males in all ages in the rural areas of Nagaland.
Gender differentials, Health expectancy, Sullivanís Method, Rural, and Nagaland.