IJCRR. 2012; 4(19): 146-149
ANULOMA VILOMA PRANAYAMA MODIFIES REACTION TIMES AND AUTONOMIC ACTIVITY OF HEART: A PILOT STUDYVarun Malhotra,Usha Dhar, Rinku Garg, Sameer S, Archana S, Jayanti, Nivritti, Sushil.
Patanjali, foremost exponent of Yoga, described pranayama as the gradual unforced cessation of breathing. Pranayama is derived from two Sanskrit words-prana (life) or yama (control). Pranayam or control of prana or life force yields heart beat pulse and mind control. Yoga combines scientific technique of right behavior (Yama-Niyama), proper posture (asana), life force control (pranayama), interiorisation of the mind (pratyahara), concentration (dhyan), developing intuition (dharna) and Samadhi (ultimate realization). Anuloma Viloma pranayama starts with closing the right nostril with the thumb of the right hand, inhaling through the left nostril, holding the breath, followed by exhalation through right nostril while closing the left nostril with the index finger of right hand and then reversing the process. This forms one round of Anuloma Viloma pranayama or Nadishuddi pranayama. Pulse rate and reaction times were recorded before and after twelve cycles of alternate nostril breathing. The pulse rate dropped from 81.5±5.3 to 72.9±8.7. Reaction times dropped from 0.47± 0.15 seconds to 0.38 ± 0.09 seconds .The changes are statistically significant at p
Pranayama, Yoga, Anuloma-Viloma