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Review Article

EJMS. 2018; 23(2): 101-121


The Contribution of Physical Exercise to Organizational Performance

Ivo Marques, Andrea Raymundo Balle, Carla Curado.

Abstract
Maintaining high levels of employee’s performance at work is a major concern among managers. Employees’ characteristics and individual performance contribute to the competitiveness of organizations. The current work environment is highly sedentary, which influences the employees’ performance. This quantitative study investigates the moderating effect of physical exercise on the relationships between job satisfaction, motivation and organizational performance. Data was collected using an online questionnaire and it was analysed using structural equation modelling and moderation analysis. The results show the existing relationships between job satisfaction, intrinsic motivation and performance regarding both dimensions of organizational performance: creativity and dealing with emergencies. Such relationships are moderated by the level of exercise performed by the employees.

Key words: physical exercise; motivation; job satisfaction; organizational performance



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