Objective: To determine the prevalence of organism causing ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in children
presenting at Tertiary Care Hospital, Karachi.
Study Design: A cross-sectional descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study has been conducted at MICU of Zia Uddin Hospital Karachi, from Aug
2015 to Jul 2016.
Material and Methods: Patients required mechanical ventilation were included in the study from the age range of
6 months to 15 years. Information for the assessment was retrieved from the hospital databases with hospitalís
ethical approval and consent from patientsí parents or guardians.
Results: Prevalence of VAP had been high among males and the children belonging to age range of 6 months to 4
years. Out of 83 patients, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (38.6%), E. coli (30.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.6%), Klebsiella
(9.6%), Streptococcus (7.2%) and Acinobacter (4.8%) with VAP.
Conclusion: The need for preventive measures and treatment options to avoid the bacterial colonization in the
patients undergoing mechanical ventilation.
Children, Mechanical ventilation, Ventilator-associated pneumonia.