Background: More than 100 million women in developing countries would prefer to avoid a pregnancy; but they may not be using any form of contraception. The study was conducted to assess the safety, incidence of perforation /pain/bleeding/foul discharge and expulsion rates at 6 week follow-up and willingness to continue when Cu T 380 A inserted within ten minutes of placental expulsion both in vaginal and C-section deliveries.
Methods: This was an open label, prospective, and longitudinal study. The study was approved by the ethics committee of FOGSI.
Results: The insertion of Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUCD) at KIMS, Hubli was easy in 99.52% of subjects after normal delivery and 100% in all subjects after assisted vaginal deliveries. The position of the CuT was in situ in 94.78% of subjects, ultra sonogram was used in 24.76 % to confirm location where threads were not visible in the vagina and in 6.19% of subjects the tip of IUCD was in the cervix which was pushed back into the uterus using artery forceps. It was expelled in 5.23% of patients. There was no case of perforation in this series and no other major complications.
Conclusions: Inserting CuT 380 A at 10 minutes after placental delivery is safe leading to the expanding of the usage of IUCD meeting the unmet needs. The expulsion rates would be minimal if it was inserted by a trained provider and placed at the fundus.
Family planning, Contraception, Copper T, CuT 380 A, Expulsion