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Medical Archives
Periodical of AVICENA, d.o.o., Sarajevo
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ISSN: 0350-199X (Print)
ISSN: 1986-5961 (Online)
Language: [ English ]  
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Open Access

Original Research



Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study.

Armond Daci, Brikene Elshani, Giangiacomo Beretta.

Abstract
Background: GDM is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Pregnancy causes some insulin resistance in all women, but only a few develop GDM. Objective: To test the hypothesis that women with GDM have impaired regulation of blood iron storage and transport, decreased renal function due to decreased glomerular filtration rate and occurrence of urinary tract infection (UTI). Study design and Methods: Incidence of blood iron storage was investigated in n=30 pregnant kosovar women with GDM after mild of pregnancy and in n=30 pregnant women without GDM (years 2010-2012). Results and Discussion: Baby weights, both systolic and diastolic BP, creatinine, albumin, lymphocytes, monocytes, WBC and granulocytes in both groups were within their normal ranges in both groups. Compared to control group, glucose was higher in women with GDM (mean ± SD: 7.43±2.23 mg/dL vs. 4.33±0.63 mg/dL; P<0.001). Women with GDM had also higher RBC (mean ± SD: 4.4±0.8 % vs. 3.8 ± 0.3 %; P<0.005) and HGB (mean ± SD: 13.0±3.2 g/dL vs. 11.2±1.4 mg/dL; P<0.05), and decreased renal functionality (MDRD-GFR: 92.8 ± 25.8 g/dL vs. 108.2 ± 38.2 g/dL; P<.05).Conclusion: There is a potential association between iron status and GDM. The role of iron from diet and/or from supplementation in GDM pathogenesis needs still to be examined. In addition we have observed a decrease of glomerular filtration rate in women with GDM. Due to the lack of studies on the relationships between GDM and UTI, and to the retrospective design of the present investigation, it is difficult to establish whether UTI may be a GDM causal factor or a consequence of GDM symptoms, signs and/or of its correlated pathologies.

Key words: Gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, blood iron regulation, urinary tract infections, oxidative stress.



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PMid:19846134

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Daci A, Elshani B, Beretta G. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . Med Arh. 2013; 67(2): 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



Web Style

Daci A, Elshani B, Beretta G. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . www.scopemed.org/?mno=34815 [Access: October 01, 2014]. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Daci A, Elshani B, Beretta G. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . Med Arh. 2013; 67(2): 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Daci A, Elshani B, Beretta G. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . Med Arh. (2013), [cited October 01, 2014]; 67(2): 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



Harvard Style

Daci, A., Elshani, B. & Beretta, G. (2013) Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . Med Arh, 67 (2), 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



Turabian Style

Daci, Armond, Brikene Elshani, and Giangiacomo Beretta. 2013. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . Medical Archives, 67 (2), 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



Chicago Style

Daci, Armond, Brikene Elshani, and Giangiacomo Beretta. "Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. ." Medical Archives 67 (2013), 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Daci, Armond, Brikene Elshani, and Giangiacomo Beretta. "Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. ." Medical Archives 67.2 (2013), 88-90. Print. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Daci, A., Elshani, B. & Beretta, G. (2013) Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Republic of Kosovo: a Retrospective Pilot Study. . Medical Archives, 67 (2), 88-90. doi:10.5455/medarh.2013.67.88-90



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