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Case Study and Case Report
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ISSN: 2228-8988 (Print)
ISSN: 2228-8988 (Online)
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Open Access

Case Report



Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report

Shalini Dhiman, Ranjan Gupta, Bhim Singh, Anita Yadav.

Abstract
Mental retardation is a complex neuro-psychological clinical syndrome and the affected individuals display a wide array of associated neurological, psychomotor, behavioural and physical disabilities. The severity of these comorbid symptoms is often directly related to the IQ of the suffering child. A randomly selected population of 185 mentally challenged children from the state of Haryana (India) was studied in relation to epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly, strabismus and other physical and behavioural symptoms. Some interesting correlations were observed between epilepsy and strabismus as well as epilepsy and microcephaly. Data generated from such studies can be immensely helpful for the community health workers operating in the rural areas of developing countries like India and also for the poor parents who do not have the access to proper clinical diagnosis and genetic counselling

Key words: epilepsy, hypotonia,microcephaly, IQ, mental retardation



How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dhiman S, Gupta R, Singh B, Yadav A. Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. Case Study Case Rep. 2011; 1(1): 20-29.



Web Style

Dhiman S, Gupta R, Singh B, Yadav A. Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. www.scopemed.org/?mno=3682 [Access: October 22, 2014].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dhiman S, Gupta R, Singh B, Yadav A. Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. Case Study Case Rep. 2011; 1(1): 20-29.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dhiman S, Gupta R, Singh B, Yadav A. Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. Case Study Case Rep. (2011), [cited October 22, 2014]; 1(1): 20-29.



Harvard Style

Dhiman, S., Gupta, R., Singh, B. & Yadav, A. (2011) Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. Case Study Case Rep, 1 (1), 20-29.



Turabian Style

Dhiman, Shalini, Ranjan Gupta, Bhim Singh, and Anita Yadav. 2011. Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. Case Study and Case Report, 1 (1), 20-29.



Chicago Style

Dhiman, Shalini, Ranjan Gupta, Bhim Singh, and Anita Yadav. "Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report." Case Study and Case Report 1 (2011), 20-29.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dhiman, Shalini, Ranjan Gupta, Bhim Singh, and Anita Yadav. "Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report." Case Study and Case Report 1.1 (2011), 20-29. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dhiman, S., Gupta, R., Singh, B. & Yadav, A. (2011) Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report. Case Study and Case Report, 1 (1), 20-29.



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