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Case Study Case Rep. 2011; 1(1): 20-29

Epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly and strabismus in 185 mentally challenged children in India - a report

Shalini Dhiman; Ranjan Gupta; Bhim Singh; Anita Yadav.

Mental retardation is a complex neuro-psychological clinical syndrome and the affected individuals display a wide array of associated neurological, psychomotor, behavioural and physical disabilities. The severity of these comorbid symptoms is often directly related to the IQ of the suffering child. A randomly selected population of 185 mentally challenged children from the state of Haryana (India) was studied in relation to epilepsy, hypotonia, microcephaly, strabismus and other physical and behavioural symptoms. Some interesting correlations were observed between epilepsy and strabismus as well as epilepsy and microcephaly. Data generated from such studies can be immensely helpful for the community health workers operating in the rural areas of developing countries like India and also for the poor parents who do not have the access to proper clinical diagnosis and genetic counselling

Key words: epilepsy;hypotonia;microcephaly;IQ;mental retardation

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