Liver disease in HIV-infected patients is complex and multifactorial. Drug toxicity and infections are common causes of elevations in liver-associated enzymes. Immune reconstitution and unmasking of autoimmune disease may also play a role, particularly in the era of effective combination antiretroviral therapy. In this case report, we describe the first reported biopsy-confirmed case of autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cirrhosis overlap syndrome presenting in an HIV-infected patient following initiation of antiretroviral therapy.
HIV, overlap syndrome, autoimmune hepatitis, immune reconstitution, liver biopsy