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International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences
Periodical of Shahzad & Co LLC
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ISSN: 1999-9666 (Print)
ISSN: 2075-423X (Online)
Language: [ English ]  
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Open Access

Original Research



Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation

Muhammad Irfan, Abdul Rauf, Quratualain Syed, Muhammad Nadeem, Shahjahan Baig.

Abstract
Two different strains of Rhizopus sp. i.e. R. oligosporus -M30 and R. arrhizus -M26 were employed for the production of acid protease using different agro-residues such as rice husk, rice bran, wheat bran, defatted soybean meal and sunflower meal as a sole carbon source. R. oligosporus -M30 gave maximum enzyme level with soybean meal (15.6 U/gds) while R. arrhizus -M26 with sunflower meal (13.6 U/gds) respectively. The optimal conditions for the enzyme production by R .oligosporus -M30 were initial pH of 5.5, temperature 30 oC with 10% of inoculum size for 72hr of fermentation period. When R. arrhizus -M26 was cultivated that exhibit the best enzyme production with the fermentation period of 72h, initial pH 5.0, temperature 33 oC with 5% of inoculum size

Key words: Agro-residues, acid protease, Rhizopus sp., solid state fermentation



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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Irfan M, Rauf A, Syed Q, Nadeem M, Baig S. Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. IJAVMS. 2011; 5(1): 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



Web Style

Irfan M, Rauf A, Syed Q, Nadeem M, Baig S. Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. www.scopemed.org/?mno=4343 [Access: November 28, 2014]. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Irfan M, Rauf A, Syed Q, Nadeem M, Baig S. Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. IJAVMS. 2011; 5(1): 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Irfan M, Rauf A, Syed Q, Nadeem M, Baig S. Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. IJAVMS. (2011), [cited November 28, 2014]; 5(1): 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



Harvard Style

Irfan, M., Rauf, A., Syed, Q., Nadeem, M. & Baig, S. (2011) Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. IJAVMS, 5 (1), 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



Turabian Style

Irfan, Muhammad, Abdul Rauf, Quratualain Syed, Muhammad Nadeem, and Shahjahan Baig. 2011. Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences, 5 (1), 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



Chicago Style

Irfan, Muhammad, Abdul Rauf, Quratualain Syed, Muhammad Nadeem, and Shahjahan Baig. "Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation." International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences 5 (2011), 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Irfan, Muhammad, Abdul Rauf, Quratualain Syed, Muhammad Nadeem, and Shahjahan Baig. "Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation." International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences 5.1 (2011), 43-52. Print. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Irfan, M., Rauf, A., Syed, Q., Nadeem, M. & Baig, S. (2011) Exploitation of Different Agro-residues for Acid protease Production by Rhizopus sp. in Koji Fermentation. International Journal for Agro Veterinary and Medical Sciences, 5 (1), 43-52. doi:10.5455/ijavms.20110215080443



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