Objective: The aim of this study was to adapt the Leymann Inventory of
Psychological Terror (LIPT) to health sciences programs in Turkey and
examine its psychometric qualities. Methods: A sample of 270 health sciences
employees from Turkey was given a modified version of LIPT. Scale
reliability of the modified LIPT was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha.
Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the
factor structure of the modified LIPT in Mplus 6. Results: The modified LIPT
indicated high reliability (Cronbach’s alpha > 0.80). A six-factor model was
chosen to explain the modified LIPT scale based on the satisfactory fit
indices from exploratory factor analyses. The model fit of the same model
was also tested using confirmatory factor analysis and the results were
again satisfactory in terms of model-data fit. The Tucker-Lewis Index and
comparative fit index indices are both greater than 0.90 for both
exploratory and confirmatory models. The factors indicated the relationship
among different types of bullying acts. Conclusion: The modified LIPT scale
is a reliable measurement tool that can be used with confidence determining
the reasons and types of bullying in health sciences programs.
Academic bullying, health sciences, modified Leymann Inventory of
Psychological Terror, psychological terror, psychometric test.
Article Language: Turkish English