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Acta Informatica Medica
Periodical of AVICENA, d.o.o., Sarajevo
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ISSN: 0353-8109 (Print)
ISSN: 1986-5988 (Online)
Language: [ English ]  
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Open Access

Review Article



Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges

Izet Masic, Milan Miokovic, Belma Muhamedagic.

Abstract
Evidence based medicine (EBM) is the conscientious, explicit, judicious and reasonable use of modern, best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. EBM integrates clinical experience and patient values with the best available research information. It is a movement which aims to increase the use of high quality clinical research in clinical decision making. EBM requires new skills of the clinician, including efficient literature-searching, and the application of formal rules of evidence in evaluating the clinical literature. The practice of evidence-based medicine is a process of lifelong, self-directed, problem-based learning in which caring for one’s own patients creates the need for clinically important information about diagnosis, prognosis, therapy and other clinical and health care issues. It is not “cookbook” with recipes, but its good application brings cost-effective and better health care. The key difference between evidence-based medicine and traditional medicine is not that EBM considers the evidence while the latter does not. Both take evidence into account; however, EBM demands better evidence than has traditionally been used. One of the greatest achievements of evidence-based medicine has been the development of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, methods by which researchers identify multiple studies on a topic, separate the best ones and then critically analyze them to come up with a summary of the best available evidence. The EBM-oriented clinicians of tomorrow have three tasks: a) to use evidence summaries in clinical practice; b) to help develop and update selected systematic reviews or evidence-based guidelines in their area of expertise; and c) to enrol patients in studies of treatment, diagnosis and prognosis on which medical practice is based.

Key words: Evidence Based Medicine, health, patients, decision making


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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Masic I, Miokovic M, Muhamedagic B. Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. Acta Inform Med. 2008; 16(4): 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



Web Style

Masic I, Miokovic M, Muhamedagic B. Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. www.scopemed.org/?mno=6371 [Access: July 23, 2014]. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Masic I, Miokovic M, Muhamedagic B. Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. Acta Inform Med. 2008; 16(4): 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Masic I, Miokovic M, Muhamedagic B. Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. Acta Inform Med. (2008), [cited July 23, 2014]; 16(4): 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



Harvard Style

Masic, I., Miokovic, M. & Muhamedagic, B. (2008) Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. Acta Inform Med, 16 (4), 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



Turabian Style

Masic, Izet, Milan Miokovic, and Belma Muhamedagic. 2008. Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. Acta Informatica Medica, 16 (4), 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



Chicago Style

Masic, Izet, Milan Miokovic, and Belma Muhamedagic. "Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges." Acta Informatica Medica 16 (2008), 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Masic, Izet, Milan Miokovic, and Belma Muhamedagic. "Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges." Acta Informatica Medica 16.4 (2008), 219-225. Print. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Masic, I., Miokovic, M. & Muhamedagic, B. (2008) Evidence Based Medicine – New Approaches and Challenges. Acta Informatica Medica, 16 (4), 219-225. doi:10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225







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