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Original Research

Med Arh. 2009; 63(2): 94-96


Alcohol Consumption in Adolescence as Predisposition for Early Development of Alcohol Addiction

Rasema Okić, Maja Dobranić.

Abstract
Adolescence is a special period in human development which takes place between childhood and adulthood. In order to enter the world of adults the adolescent negates authorities, reject existing norms of behavior and wants to prove itself. Characteristic is withdrawal in themselves, experimenting with cigarettes, alcohol and psychoactive substances. Excessive use of alcohol among young has results in several psychological aspects, among which most often are: challenge, escape and satisfaction. These are the problems that many young people cannot overcome, so in early thirties we have a population of alcohol addicts (to develop alcoholism 10-15 years is necessary), with increased number of hospitalizations, families that suffer, problems for whole society. Goal of this paper is to point to the problem of alcohol use among young people, movement of age limit for the first use, minor difference in use between adolescents: delinquents prisoners of prison in Zenica and graduate students from the High technical school in Sarajevo. Material and methods: Beside study on two groups of adolescents-delinquents and students, material used for this research also includes and represents evaluation data of the Department for Alcohols and Day Hospital during 2006. This research is epidemiological, retrospective, analytical-descriptive, based on analysis of relevant variables. Research results indicate that from the baseline of 60 adolescents in two different groups there is a minor difference in alcohol use, in group of delinquents 46.7% and among students 36,7% use drink alcohol beverages, but the father of every second delinquent is addicted to alcohol, while among students 3% fathers drink. From the total number of patients treated at the Day Hospital of the Department for Alcoholism during one year (total of 106 patients), 7% are addicts younger than 35 years, with tendency of increase in number of patients and younger age even down to 30 years.

Key words: alcohol consumption, adolescence, early alcohol addiction



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