ScopeMed - RSShttp://www.scopemed.orgScopeMed RSSen-us Copyright © 2011 ScopeMed All rights reserved. ScopeMedhttp://www.scopemed.org/img/logo-scopemed-ttk.gifhttp://www.scopemed.org 2014-12-21T03-18-25Z Hoarding: From a Symptom to a Disorder http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=174632 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry
Süheyla Doğan Bulut, Kadir Özdel, Cebrail Kısa.
Hoarding is a psychological disorder characterized by excessive collecting, storage and inability to discard large quantities of the objects, usually accompanying a severe level of distress or disfunctionality. Despite the concept has been known for more than a century, it used to be conceptualized as a component of obsessive compulsive disorder. However hoarding disorder appears as a distinct psychiatric disorder in the last updated version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Accordingly, in this review we aimed to make a general framework in understanding of hoarding disorder which is an attention-grabbing diagnosis in these days. In this regard, we addressed the aetiology, clinical features of, and treatment approaches to hoarding disorder.
]]>
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 02:40:14 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=174632
Corprological and Haematological Profile of Polo Horses Stabled in North - Central Nigeria http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=174184 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Veterinary Advances
Munachimso I Wosu.
ABSTRACT The Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode parasite status and haematological profile of polo horses stabled in North – Central Nigeria was investigated in this study. One hundred and thirty (130) adult polo horses were randomly selected for the study. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein and assessed to determine the Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Red blood cell (RBC) counts, White blood cell (WBC) counts and other blood parameters. Faecal samples were also collected from each animal and screened for Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode parasites. The results showed that the mean PCV of the horses was slightly elevated when compared with normal ranges of values. Other blood parameters fell within the normal range of values documented by other researchers. Faecal screening revealed a high GI nematode parasite prevalence of 67.69% in the examined horses, with three (3) nematode parasite species being detected. Strongylus spp was most prevalent (43.08%), followed by Oxyuris spp (21.54%) and Strongyloides spp (13.08%) with least occurrence. There was however no significant alteration of the haematology of examined horses which could be attributed to the presence of observed GI nematode parasites.
]]>
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 01:21:55 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=174184
Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Organs Weight of Broiler Chickens Fed Graded Levels of White Guinea Corn (Sorghum bicolor, Linn.) as a Replacement for Dietary Maize http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=1682 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Animal Science Advances
Ibe Emmanuel, Makinde John.
An eight-week experiment was carried out to evaluate the growth performance, carcass characteristics and organs weight of broiler chickens fed graded levels of white guinea corn (WGC) as replacement for dietary maize. Five experimental diets were formulated and designated as T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5. Diet 1 (0% WGC) served as control, while diets 2, 3, 4 and 5 contained 25, 50, 75 and 100% levels of WGC replacing maize respectively. A total of 225 day- old Marshal Broiler chicks were randomly allotted to the five treatments. Each treatment had 45 birds replicated thrice with 15 birds each in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Feeds and water were provided ad libitum. The results of the experiment showed that average daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio of birds fed WGC up to 75% were significantly (p0.05) different across the treatment groups. All the carcass parameters measured were significantly (p
]]>
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 01:17:22 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=1682
Feed Utilization of Lactating Does and Pre-weaning Performances of Kids in Republic of Benin http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=174774 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Animal Production Advances
Isidore Gbégo Tossa, Guénolé AKOUEDEGNI, Aboh André, Claude Adandédjan, Guy Mensah, B. K Ogunmodede.
This trial aims at finding out the effect of supplementing the lactating does basic diet (palm frond, with mucuna seed and cotton seed these seeds and a locally made mineral lick on the pre-weaning performances of the kids. Lactating does that kidded in each treatment were used in the experiment which was conducted in farm conditions. The lactating goats was divided into six groups of 5 to 6 animals per groups. The treatments as six different diets: T1 was the control, (palm frond) witch is the feed usually offered by the farmers. The experimental diets were T2, T3; T4, T5, T6; with were the control plus the seeds and the mineral lick (T1). The does and the kids were weighed monthly during the pre-weaning stage of the kids (0 to 90 day). The means of growth rate and of weight at weaning were estimated per treatment using individual performance of the animals in each treatment. The seeds improvement on dry matter intake, digestible dry matter and crude protein intake by the lactating does was significant (P
]]>
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 01:14:29 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=174774
The Most Influential Scientists in the Development of the Medical Informatics (3): Peter Leo Reichertz http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175419 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Izet Masic.

]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 15:01:56 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175419
Vision Loss and RNFL Thinning after Internal Carotid Arter Occlusion and Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175418 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Alime Gunes, Seden Demirci, Ayse Umul.
Introduction: Ischaemic, traumatic or neoplasmic damage to the optic chiasm, optic tract or lateral geniculate nucleus affects the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons, detected as reduced retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness around the optic nerve head. We report a case of vision loss and reduced RNFL thickness after internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion and middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. Case report: A 33-year-old woman with a 3-month history of vision loss in right eye and left hemiplegia. The best corrected visual acuity was 1.0 in left eye and there was no light perception in the right eye. Ocular motility, intra-ocular pressure, anterior segments were normal in the both eyes. Her fundus examinations were normal except optic atrophy in the right eye. Visual field test was not performed because of cooperation difficulties. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an infarction of the right MCA. Computed tomographic angiography showed right ICA occlusion. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) demonstrated 6 clock hours of RNFL thinning in the right eye. Average RNFL thickness of the right and left eyes were 53μm, 96 μm respectively. Conclusions: Our findings show that a relatively short period of ICA occlusion and MCA infarction can cause vision loss and thinning of the RNFL.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 15:00:28 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175418
Effect Transformation of the Micro Electrode Recording (MER) Data to Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) for the Main Target Nucleus Determination for STN-DBS http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175417 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Hulagu Kaptan, Murat Ayaz, Hakan Ekmekçi.
Introduction: Advanced PD stimulation of the STN reduces tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia. Due to hemorrhagic complications the use of micro electrode recordings during DBS operation was still questioning for some of surgeons. But use micro electrodes were still the best choice for the positioning during surgery of DBS. Aim: The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect transformation of the micro electrode recording data to fast fourier transform for the main target nucleus determination. This process needs a multidisciplinary approach from neurosurgery, neurology and specialists on electrophysiology such as biophysics. Case report: We present the case of a 63 year-old male with medically intractable PD is focused on behalf of the surgical treatment. Patient had a 4-year history of progressively severe hand tremor on right side. The patient was successfully treated unilaterally with the STN DBS.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:59:24 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175417
Muscle Atrophy in Intensive Care Unit Patients http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175416 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Konstantinos Koukourikos, Areti Tsaloglidou, Labrini Kourkouta.
Introduction: The muscle atrophy is one of the most important and frequent problems observed in patients in Intensive Care Units. The term describes the disorder in the structure and in the function of the muscle while incidence rates range from 25-90 % in patients with prolonged hospitalization. Purpose: This is a review containing all data related to the issue of muscle atrophy and is especially referred to its causes and risk factors. The importance of early diagnosis and early mobilization are also highlighted in the study. Material and methods: a literature review was performed on valid databases such as Scopus, PubMed, Cinhal for the period 2000-2013 in English language. The following keywords were used: loss of muscle mass, ICU patients, immobilization, bed rest. Results: From the review is concluded that bed rest and immobilization in order to reduce total energy costs, are the main causes for the appearance of the problem. The results of the reduction of the muscle mass mainly affect the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and respiratory system. The administration of the cortisone, the immobility, the sepsis and hyperglycemia are included in the risk factors. The prevention is the primary therapeutic agent and this is achieved due to the early mobilization of the patients, the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and the avoidance of exposure to risk factors. Conclusions: The prevention of muscle atrophy is a primary goal of treatment for the patients in the ICU, because it reduces the incidence of the disease, reduces the time spent in ICU and finally improves the quality of patients’ life.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:55:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175416
Health Based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their Applications http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175415 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Evangelos C. Fradelos, Ioanna V. Papathanasiou, Dimitra Mitsi, Konstantinos Tsaras, Christos F. Kleisiaris, Lambrini Kourkouta.
Medical researches as well as the study of the Earth’s surface, better still, geography are interlinked with each other; their relationship dates from antiquity. The science of Geographic Information Systems and, by extension, Geomatics engineering belongs to a discipline which is constantly developing at a global level. This sector has many applications regarding medical / epidemiological research and generally, the social sciences. Furthermore, this discipline may act as a decision making tool in the healthcare sector and it might contribute to the formulation of policies into the healthcare sector. The use of GIS so as to solve public health issues has an exponential increase and has been vital to the understanding and treatment of health problems in different geographic areas. In recent years, the use of various information technology services and software has lead health professionals to work more effectively.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:54:12 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175415
Development of Hospital Information Systems: User Participation and Factors Affecting It http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175414 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Bahlol Rahimi, Reza Safdari, Mohamad Jebraeily.
Introduction: Given the large volume of data generated in hospitals, in order to efficiently management them; using hospital information system (HIS) is critical. User participation is one of the major factors in the success of HIS that in turn leads Information needs and processes to be correctly predicted and also their commitment to the development of HIS to be augmented. The purpose of this study is to investigate the participation rate of users in different stages of HIS development as well as to identify the factors affecting it. Method and materials: This is a descriptive–cross sectional study which was inducted in 2014.The study population consists of 140 HIS users (from different types of job including physicians, nurses, laboratory, radiology and HIM staffs) from Teaching Hospitals Affiliated to Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected using a self-structured questionnaire which was estimated as both reliable and valid.The data were analyzed by SPSS software descriptive statistics and analytical statistics (t-test and chi-square). Results: The highest participation rate of users in the four-stage development of the HIS was related to the implementation phase (2.88) and the lowest participation rate was related to analysis (1.23).The test results showed that the rate of user participation was not satisfactory in none of the stages of development (P< 0.05).The most important factors in increasing user participation include established teamwork from end-users and the support of top managers from HIS development. Conclusion: According to the results obtained from the study, it seems that health care administrators must have a detailed plan for user participation prior to the development and purchase of HIS so that they identify the real needs as well as increase their commitment and motivations to develop, maintain and upgrade the system, and in this way, the success of the system will be assured.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:52:57 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175414
The Amount of Media and Information Literacy Among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ Students Using Iranian Media and Information Literacy Questionnaire (IMILQ) http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175413 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Hasan Ashrafi-rizi, Amir Ramezani, Hamed Aghajani Koupaei, Zahra Kazempour.
Introduction: Media and Information literacy (MIL) enables people to interpret and make informed judgments as users of information and media, as well as to become skillful creators and producers of information and media messages in their own right. The purpose of this research was to determine the amount of Media and Information Literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students using Iranian Media and Information Literacy Questionnaire (IMILQ). Methods: This is an applied analytical survey research in which the data were collected by a researcher made questionnaire, provided based on specialists’ viewpoints and valid scientific works. Its validity and reliability were confirmed by Library and Information Sciences specialists and Cronbach’s alpha (r=0.89) respectively. Statistical population consisted of all students in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (6000 cases) and the samples were 361. Sampling method was random stratified sampling. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The findings showed that the mean level of Media and Information Literacy among Isfahan University of Medical Sciences’ students was 3.34±0.444 (higher than average). The highest mean was promotion of scientific degree with 3.84±0.975 and the lowest mean was difficulties in starting research with 2.50±1.08. There was significant difference between educational degree, college type and family’s income and amount of Media and Information Literacy. Conclusion: The results showed that the students didn’t have enough skills in starting the research, defining the research subject as well as confining the research subject. In general, all students and education practitioners should pay special attention to factors affecting in improving Media and Information Literacy as a main capability in using printed and electronic media.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:51:33 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175413
Real Time Processing and Transferring ECG Signal by a Mobile Phone http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175412 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Mahsa Raeiatibanadkooki, Saeed Rahati Quachani, Mohammadmahdi Khalilzade, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy.
The real-time ECG signal processing system based on mobile phones is very effective in identifying continuous ambulatory patients. It could monitor cardiovascular patients in their daily life and warns them in case of cardiac arrhythmia. An ECG signal of a patient is processed by a mobile phone with this proposed algorithm. An IIR low-pass filter is used to remove the noise and it has the 55 Hz cutoff frequency and order 3. The obtained SNR showed a desirable noise removal and it helps physicians in their diagnosis. In this paper, Hilbert transform was used and the R peaks are important component to differ normal beats from abnormal ones. The results of sensitivity and positive predictivity of algorithm are 96.97% and 95.63% respectively. If an arrhythmia occurred, 4 seconds of this signal is displayed on the mobile phone then it will be sent to a remote medical center by TCP/IP protocol.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:50:29 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175412
Factors Affecting Journal Quality Indicator in Scopus (SCImago Journal Rank) in Obstetrics and Gynecology Journals: a Longitudinal Study (1999-2013) http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175411 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Jamshid Jamali, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi.
Introduction: Awareness of the latest scientific research and publishing articles in top journals is one of the major concerns of health researchers. In this study, we first introduced top journals of obstetrics and gynecology field based on their Impact Factor (IF), Eigenfactor Score (ES) and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicator indexed in Scopus databases and then the scientometric features of longitudinal changes of SJR in this field were presented. Method and material: In our analytical and bibiliometric study, we included all the journals of obstetrics and gynecology field which were indexed by Scopus from 1999 to 2013. The scientometric features in Scopus were derived from SCImago Institute and IF and ES were obtained from Journal Citation Report through the Institute for Scientific Information. Generalized Estimating Equation was used to assess the scientometric features affecting SJR. Result: From 256 journals reviewed, 54.2% and 41.8% were indexed in the Pubmed and the Web of Sciences, respectively. Human Reproduction Update based on the IF (5.924±2.542) and SJR (2.682±1.185), and American Journal of obstetrics and gynecology based on the ES (0.05685±0.00633) obtained the first rank among the other journals. Time, Index in Pubmed, H_index, Citable per Document, Cites per Document, and IF affected changes of SJR in the period of study. Discussion: Our study showed a significant association between SJR and scientometric features in obstetrics and gynecology journals. According to this relationship, SJR may be an appropriate index for assessing journal quality.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:47:51 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175411
Implementation of Internet Training on Posture Reform of Computer Users in Iran http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175410 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Zohreh Keykhaie, Iraj Zareban, Mahnaz Shahrakipoor, Maryam Hormozi, Javad Sharifi-Rad.
Background and Purpose: Musculoskeletal disorders are of common problems among computer (PC) users. Training of posture reform plays a significant role in the prevention of the emergence, progression and complications of these diseases. The present research was performed to study the effect of the Internet training on the posture reform of the Internet users working in two Iranian universities including Sistan and Baluchestan University and Islamic Azad University of Zahedanin 2014. Materials and Method: This study was a quasi-experimental intervention with control group and conducted in two Iranian universities including Sistan and Baluchestan University and Islamic Azad University of Zahedan. The study was done on 160 PC users in the two groups of intervention (80 people) and control (80 people). Training PowerPoint was sent to the intervention group through the Internet and a post test was given to them after 45 days. Statistical software of SPSS 19 and statistical tests of Kolmogrov, t-test, Fisher Exact test, and correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. Results: After the training, the mean scores of knowledge, attitude, performance and self-efficacy in the intervention group were 24.21 ± 1.34, 38.36 ± 2.89, 7.59 ± 1.16, and 45.06 ± 4.11, respectively (P
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:46:18 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175410
Pedobarography in Diagnosis and Clinical Application http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175409 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Amira Skopljak, Mirsad Muftic, Aziz Sukalo, Izet Masic.
Introduction: Pedobarography as a new diagnostic tool enables measuring the pressure between the foot and the floor during dynamic loading. Dynamic analysis of the foot shows advantage over static analysis due to its capabilities for detecting high load points in certain diseases and in certain phases of walking. Pedobarography as a new method in the context of rehabilitation include wide range of clinical entities. Goal: To show the advantages of pedobarography as new diagnostic and rehabilitation method in prevention programs. Material and methods: A prospective study included 100 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. Research was conducted in the Primary Health Care Center of the Sarajevo Canton and the Center for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. The test parameters were: Test of balance–symmetric load for the test, the number of comorbidity, clinical examination of foot deformity, test with 10 g monofilament, HbA1c. From the total sample 45 patients (Group I) were selected, aged 50-65 years, which underwent pedobarography (on the appliance Novel Inc., Munich with EMEDTM platform) and robotic fabrication of individual orthopedic insoles, followed by control pedobarography. Plantar pressure was determined using standard pedobarography, computer recorded parameters: peak pressure (kPa), force (Ns), area (cm). Results: The average age of the respondents was 59.4±11.38 years; altered results on the balance test were present in 34% of patients; 61% of respondents have ≤2 comorbidity. In the total sample, the average number of foot deformity was 2.84. Flat feet have 66% of respondents, and valgus position 57%. The average HbA1c values were 7.783±1.58% (min.5–max.15.0). All subjects (45) after the first, and after the second measurement of peak pressure, have values above 200 kPa, or are in the designated zone of peak pressure that needs to be corrected. In a study was determined the correlation between the number of deformities and peak pressure, the number of deformities and the area upon which plantar pressure act, test with 10g monofilament and peak pressure. Conclusion: Within the framework of prevention programs early diagnosis, detection of sensitivity disorders, adequate treatment and taking load from the feet with the help of pedobarography, are of great importance for the patient suffering from diabetes
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:44:57 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175409
Ovarian Reserve After Laparoscopic Treatment of Unilateral Ovarian Endometrioma http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175408 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Jadranka Georgievska, Slavejko Sapunov, Svetlana Cekovska, Kristin Vasilevska.
Aim: To evaluate the effect of laparoscopic treatment of unilateral ovarian endometrioma on ovarian reserve using ultrasonographic markers, ovarian volume and antral follicle count (AFC), and two biochemical markers, serum levels of Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Estradiol (E2). Material and methods: This prospective study included 40 patients in their reproductive age, between 18 and 40 years old. They were treated laparoscopically for unilateral ovarian endometrioma. Markers of ovarian reserve were investigated before and three months after surgery. Transvaginal ultrasound examination was used for measurement of ovarian volume and AFC. Biochemical markers (FSH and E2 levels) were determined by chemiluminescent tests. Results: Ovarian volume was significantly reduced after surgery. There was significant increase of AFC and non-significant increase of E2 levels in treated patients after three months. Conclusions: Laparoscopic cystectomy of unilateral ovarian endometrioma decreased ovarian reserve immediately after surgery with decrease of ovarian volume. But ovarian reserve was increased after three months with increase of AFC and estradiol levels.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:42:48 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175408
Effects of Programmed Kinesiologic Stimulus to Hemodynamics at Peripheral Artery Disease of Lower Limbs http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175407 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Abel Baltic, Izet Rado, Ifet Mahmutovic, Indira Mahmutovic.
Goal: The goal of the article is to examine level of hemodynamic improvement in the peripheral artery diseases of lower limbs among patients on medication therapy and patients included in programmed physical activities simultaneously with the medication therapy. Material and methods: Prospective-retrospective study includes 100 patients of the Clinic for Vascular Disease, Clinical Center of Sarjevo University ( CCUS). It has been found out that the majority of patients in both groups were males. Average age of patients in control group was 48.60±3.82. Average value of claudication distance for patients in control group was 277 m, while the value for patients in test group was 270 m. Results: At the end of research the analysis of average PSV values proved significant difference in relation to examined groups (p
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:41:33 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175407
Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty Procedure vs Open Surgical Hemorrhoidectomy: a Trial Comparing 2 Treatments for Hemorrhoids of Third and Fourth Degree http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175406 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Halit Maloku, Zaim Gashi, Ranko Lazovic, Hilmi Islami, Argjira Juniku-Shkololli.
Objective: According to the ‘‘vascular’’ theory, arterial overflow in the superior hemorrhoidal arteries would lead to dilatation of the hemorrhoidal venous plexus. Hemorrhoid laser procedure (LHP) is a new laser procedure for outpatient treatment of hemorrhoids in which hemorrhoidal arterial flow feeding the hemorrhoidal plexus is stopped by laser coagulation. Aim: Our aim was to compare the hemorrhoid laser procedure with open surgical procedure for outpatient treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids. Material and method: A comparison trial between hemorrhoid laser procedure or open surgical hemorrhoidectomy was made. This study was conducted at Aloka hospital in Kosovo. Patients with symptomatic grade III or grade IV hemorrhoids with minimal or complete mucosal prolapse were eligible for the study: 20 patients treated with the laser hemorrhoidoplasty, and 20 patients–with open surgery hemorrhoidectomy. Operative time and postoperative pain with visual analog scale, were evaluated. Results: A total number of 40 patients (23 men and 17 women, mean age, 46 years) entered the trial. Significant differences between laser hemorrhoidoplasty and open surgical procedure were observed in operative time and early postoperative pain. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the early postoperative period: 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 1 month after respective procedure (p
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:40:13 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175406
Metabolic Syndrome in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175405 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Derya Atik, Cem Atik, Hilal Karatepe.
Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is basically a cluster of cardiovascular risks that involve changes in metabolic and hemodynamic indicators; various organizations have defined it with small differences. Metabolic syndrome is a lethal endocrinopathy starting with insulin resistance and inviting a chain of systemic disorders such as abdominal obesity, glucose intolerance or diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidemia, hypertension (HT) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Material and methods: This prospective and descriptive study was conducted at the Cardiology Clinic of a Private Hospital in Osmaniye between January 2014 and May 2014. The study population included all patients who were administered a CA procedure at the Cardiology Clinic of Private New Life Hospital in Osmaniye in 2014. Results: The majority of the patients were male (63.3%), the mean age was 59.09±10.98, vast majority of them had social security (98.5%), 32.8% of them smoked, 7.2% had peripheral arterial disease (PAD), 52.5% were diagnosed with DM, 24.8% with HT, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or stent was administered to 40.3% of the patients who underwent CA and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was decided for 15.5% of them. 41.8% of the patients met the MetS diagnosis criteria. The mean BMI was found to be 28.61±4.68, the mean FBS to be 143.20±74.83, the mean triglyceride value to be 168.73±96.94 and the mean HDL value to be 37.04±9.20. Although male gender came first among the patients who underwent CA, the prevalence of MetS did not show a statistically significant correlation with gender, mean age or smoking. The prevalence of HT, PAD and DM was significantly higher in the patients who met the MetS criteria. The mean values of FBS, HDL, CK-MB, triglyceride and cholesterol were also significantly higher in the patients who met the MetS criteria. As BMI increased, the rate at which MetS criteria are met also increased. Conclusion: The objective is to prevent diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Weight loss achieved with proper nutrition and an exercise program will have a reversing effect on all the disorders seen in metabolic syndrome.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:38:50 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175405
Extensive Operation as One of the Solution for Patients with the Insufficient Proximal Landing Zone for TEVAR in Aortic Dissection – short term results http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175404 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Mirsad Kacila, Haris Vranic, Slavenka Straus.
Objective: In our study we wanted to showed the safety, feasibility, efficacy and way how to solve the problems of endovascular repair for aortic dissection with insufficient proximal Landing Zone. Methods: The clinical data of all the patients with insufficient proximal Landing Zone (PLZ) for endovascular repair for aortic aneurism and dissection Stanford type B for the period from October 2013 to June 2014 was prospectively reviewed. According to the classification proposed by Mitchell et al, aortic Zone 0 was involved in 3 cases, Zone 1 in 1 case, Zone 2 in 9 cases and Zone 3 in 6 cases (19 patients in total). A hybrid surgical procedure of supraortic debranching and revascularization, with direct anastomosed truncus brachiocephalicus and left common carotid artery, were performed to obtain an adequate aortic PLZ. Revascularization of the left subclavian artery was carried out on the patient with dissection Stanford type B and short PLZ 2. Results: There was no significant difference of risk factors between Zone 0, Zone 1, and Zone 2 (Table1.), but the length of the PLZ significantly differed between groups (p
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:36:46 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175404
The Relationship between Blood Pressure and Sleep Quality among Obese Adolescents Patients http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=737 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Balkan Military Medical Review
Naile Yanmış, Yalçın Güneş, Halil İbrahim Aydoğdu, Özlem Topçu, Fatma Nurefşan Selek, Emre Pak, Fatih Turgut Öztürk, Mehmet Kılıç, Oğuz Bayram, Yunus Muslu, Nesibe Amasyalıoğlu, Ferhat Demir, Abdullah Sarıhan, Gökalp Başbozkurt, Onur Akın, Cengiz Zeybek, Halil Orman, Erkan Sarı, Halil Yaman, Cengizhan Açıkel, Kürşat Fidancı, Berna Fidancı, Ediz Yeşilkaya.
Objective: To clarify the relation between blood pressure and sleep quality in obese adolescents. Methods: The study was designed and performed as descriptive study. Sleep quality questionnaire, 24hr ambulatory systemic blood pressure monitoring and anthropometric measurements were performed in both study and control groups (age range 10-18, n=22). Demographic data, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and blood pressure measurements were compared. Results: No statistically meaningful association between blood pressure and sleep quality was found. Obese patients (n=30) had been found to have difficulty breathing in their sleep (p=0.001). There were no statistical differences between the obese and non-obese groups with their means of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (p=0.059). Conclusions: On contrary to other studies we found that sleep quality does not affect blood pressure in obese adolescents. We concluded that obese adolescents have trouble breathing in their sleep.
]]>
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 07:19:57 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=737
Amputation of tail with varicose veins in a buffalo – a case report http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173246 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Biswadeep Jena, Abhishek Sahoo.
A 9 years old Murrah crossbred she-buffalo, weighing about 500kg, presented with a varicosed vein tail with alopecia, advanced stage of necrosis and gangrene. In order to prevent further progression of necrosis and gangrene, amputation of affected portion of the tail was practised under caudal epidural anaesthesia. Obligation of proper surgical techniques and maintenance of adequate postoperative measures rewarded with uneventful recovery.
]]>
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 07:02:36 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173246
Diagnostic accuracy of c-reactive protein in immunocompromised patients with sepsis in intensive care units http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173258 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Manu S Menon, Simbita Marwah, Mihir Mehta, Arya D Dipak.
Background: It is very crucial to recognize infection in immunocompromised patients. The purpose of this study was to explore the diagnostic accuracy of C-reactive protein (CRP) in critically ill immunocompromised patients with sepsis. Aims and Objective: To find out the diagnostic utility of CRP in immunocompromised patients with sepsis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, which included immunocompromised patients with suspected sepsis. Patients were classified into two diagnostic groups: those with nonbacterial sepsis and those with bacterial sepsis, and the values of CRP were estimated. Results: Of 94 patients (63 men and 31 women) with a median age of 56 years (95% CI 53.9–59.3), 74 (78.5%) had immunosuppression with nonbacterial sepsis and 20 (21.4%) had immunosuppression with bacterial sepsis. CRP concentrations were higher in the group with bacterial sepsis [30.94 ng/ml (95% CI 25.13–36.74)] than those with nonbacterial sepsis [7.46 ng/ml (95% CI 7.05–7.87), P < 0.0001]. CRP concentrations that were >6 mg/L had 93.33% sensitivity but only 63.20% specificity for diagnosing sepsis. The accuracy of diagnosis was 87.23%. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.82 (0.72–0.92). Conclusion: Despite limited specificity in critically ill immunocompromised patients, CRP concentrations may help to rule out bacterial infection.
]]>
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 05:17:44 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173258
Effect Modification http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173615 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Mood Disorders
Selim KILIÇ.
Effect modification is the magnitude of the effect of the primary exposure on an outcome differs depending on the level of a third variable. It is the condition in which the magnitude of association between exposure and outcome differs among subgroups with respect to the third variable. It is an essential information to interpret correctly the association between exposure and outcome. In this manuscript effect modification concept is explained with an example.
]]>
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 03:37:18 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173615
Endoscopy Assisted Percutaneous Repair for Achilles Tendon Rupture Instead of Open Surgical Treatment http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173872 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Medicine Science | International Medical Journal
Gokay Gormeli, Yuksel Ersoy.
Achilles tendon (AT) is the strongest and most ruptured tendon due to increasing sports activities. Operative treatment techniques for AT ruptures are open, percutaneous or endoscopic assisted percutaneous techniques. Endoscopy-assisted percutaneous suturing of the Achilles tendon is an optimal treatment with cosmetic wound healing and short time recovery which may be the first choice for patients with AT rupture with wound healing problems and for athletic population with better clinical outcomes than other treatment methods.
]]>
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 01:44:43 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=173872
Impact of Dietary Protein on Semen Characteristics of Boars Reared Under Derived Savannah Condition http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=172308 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Animal Production Advances
Ndubuisi Machebe, Simeon Ugwu, Fredrick Udeh, BO Oyibe.
The study evaluated the impact of dietary protein on semen characteristics of boars reared in Derived savannah zone of Nigeria. Sixteen crossbred (Large White x Landrace) boars were subjected to four dietary treatments containing different crude protein (CP) levels (T1 - 12% CP, T2 - 14% CP, T3 - 16% CP and T4 - 18% CP) for 60 days duration. Semen was collected from the boars twice a week using dummy sow and artificial vagina techniques. Ejaculates were subjected to physical evaluation to ascertain its quality. Dietary protein had significant (P < 0.05) effect on total semen volume, strained volume, sperm concentration, and total sperm output but not (P > 0.05) sperm motility. Percentage live, dead and normal sperm also differed (P < 0.05) among treatments. Sperm morphological abnormalities were not affected by dietary protein consumption. The results of the present study indicate that dietary protein levels influence some semen quality traits in boars without damage to sperm morphology.
]]>
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 00:57:57 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=172308
Updates on tetanus toxin: A fundamental approach http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=172001 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Md. Ahaduzzaman.
Clostridium tetani is an anaerobic bacterium that produces second most poisonous protein toxins than any other bacteria. Tetanus in animals is sporadic in nature but difficult to combat even by using antibiotics and antiserum. It is crucial to understand the fundamental mechanisms and signals that control toxin production for advance research and medicinal uses. This review was intended for better understanding the basic patho-physiology of tetanus and neurotoxins (TeNT) among the audience of related field.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=172001
Hormonal treatment and estrus synchronization in cows: A mini-review http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=159269 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Ashit Kumar Paul, Ton Yoisungnern, Napolean Bunaparte.
Perfect detection of estrus is crucial for good husbandry practice of cow. Estrus synchronization is the alternative strategy to bypass the critical problem of estrus detection. Synchronization program allows fixed timed artificial inseminations (FTAI) to evade the estrus detection. The most recently developed programs include protocols for re-synchronization following first or subsequent inseminations. These re-synchronization protocols may involve selected forms of hormonal intervention during the diestrus and pro-estrus periods following FTAI, or following pregnancy diagnosis by ultrasound from 28 days after FTAI. Almost all programs involve strategically timed treatment of prostaglandin F2α (PGF) and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Treatment of an estradiol ester and progesterone supplementation per vaginum may be included in some programs. The basic program is the “Ovsynch” regimen. This mini-review discusses a number of key points related to external hormonal stimulation on ovarian follicular wave to improve pregnancy rate following timed AI.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=159269
Prevalence of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and Theileria annulata antibodies in White Nile State, Sudan http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=163881 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Ezeldin Ibrahim Guma, Mohammed Osman Hussien, Diaeldin Ahmed Salih, Bashir Salim, Shawgi Mohamed Hassan.
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of ticks infesting cattle and seroprevalence of Theileria annulata antibodies in White Nile State, Sudan between March to June 2012. Ticks, blood smears (n=105) and serum samples (n=82) were collected from Rabak, Kosti, El Dowaim, El Getaina, El Jabalain, Kenana and El Gezira Aba. Three tick genera and eleven species were identified. The genera belong to Amblyomma, Hyalomma and Rhipicephalus. The species were A. lepidum (810), A. variegatum (7), H. impeltatum (189), H. truncatum (78), H. anatolicum (255), H. dromedarii (19), H. rufipes (338), R. (Boophilus) decoloratus (54), R. (B.) annulatus (56), R. evertsi evertsi (476) and R. sanguineus group (60). Out of 105 blood smears, 7 (6.7%) were positive for Theileria spp. piroplasms, whereas in ELISA, out of 82 serum samples, 50 (61%) were positive for T. annulata antibodies. It is concluded that there are three tick genera and eleven species infesting cattle in White Nile State and the high prevalence T. annulata antibodies indicates that tropical theileriosis is endemic in the region. Prevalence of Amblyomma spp. implying that heartwater may be endemic in the area.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=163881
Evaluation of crop residue based complete rations through in vitro digestibility http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=165111 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Raja Kishore Konka, Srinivas Kumar Dhulipalla, Venkata Ramana Jampala, Ravi Arunachalam, Eswara Prasad Pagadala, Raghava Rao Elineni.
The present investigation was carried out to evaluate three potential complete rations made from locally available ingredients through in vitro digestibility (DM, CP, NDF and ADF) and in vitro total volatile fatty acids (TVFA) production. Three iso-nitrogenous complete rations comprising of maize stover (T1), red gram straw (T2) or black gram straw (T3) and concentrate in 60:40 ratio were prepared and the cost/kg diets were 5.2, 5.5 and 5.7 rupees/Kg diet, respectively. Three fistulated buffalo bulls (5 yrs, 350 ± 9.36 kg BW) used as donors of rumen inoculums were fed the same three complete rations (T1, T2 and T3) after proper adaptation. The three complete rations were iso-nitrogenous with CP content ranging from 12.62 to 12.82, while T3 contained higher EE (1.68 %) and TA (9.75 %) and higher NFE (34.38 %) in T1 than in other complete rations. However, variation was apparent in the fiber fractions of the three complete rations attributable to varying sources of the fibrous crop residues. Overall in vitro DM digestibility (IVDMD) and in vitro NDF digestibility (IVNDFD) % was higher (p
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=165111
Changes in selected hematology and serum biochemistry in Turkish Angora cats (Felis catus) during growth period http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=166574 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Ozkan Simsek, Miyase Cinar, Sevket Arikan.
The purpose of the present study was to determine the changes in selected hematology and serum biochemistry of Angora cats (Felis catus) during growth period. A total of 32 Angora cats (16 adults and 16 kittens) were used in this study. Blood samples were collected from the animals, and were analyzed for white blood cells, red blood cells, hemoglobin, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, granulocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes numbers. In the serum, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatinine kinase (CK), total cholesterol, glucose, triglyceride, urea, creatinine, total protein, albumin, Ca, Mg, Pi levels were determined. Monocyte level was found higher, and ALP, LDH, CK activities and Pi levels were lower in adult cats as compared to the kittens. MCV was lower and GGT and AST activities, and glucose level were higher in kittens of 1.5-3 months old than in kittens of >3 months. Concentrations of total cholesterol and Mg were higher in kitten (1.5-3 months old) than in adult cats. In conclusion, age related effects on hematological and biochemical blood parameters have been determined for the first time in Angora cats.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=166574
Morphological and morphometric characteristics of gastric mucosa in western grey kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus) http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167209 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Mahmoud Badran Shoeib, Amin Hassanin, Mohamed Elnasharty.
The present study was aimed to investigate the morphology and histomorphometry of stomach and gastric mucosa in western grey kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus). The stomach was composed of three indistinctive separate parts namely sacciform forestomach, tubiform forestomach, and hindstomach. The tubiform forestomach was the main tubular section of the organ. The stomach had a compound lining. The non-glandular mucosa occupied the medial blind sac (MBS) of the sacciform forestomach; the layer covered about one-third of the tubiform forestomach (non-glandular region) and the entire length of the gastric sulcus. The glandular part lined the parietal blind sac (PBS) of sacciform forestomach and the cardiac gland region of tubiform forestomach as well as fundic and pyloric gland regions of the hindstomach. The cardiac mucosa had smooth and folded areas; these were filled with mixed glands. In the fundic glands, the parietal cells outnumbered the chief cells. The pyloric glands were of serous-like in characteristics. In conclusion, gross and histological structures of the stomach of western grey kangaroo are adaptive with its food habitat, which allows thorough mixing of highly fibrous grasses.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167209
Comparative treatment approach for Sarcoptes and Psoroptes mite infestation in a Boer cross http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167623 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Murugaiyah Marimuthu, Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, Konto Mohammed, Lawan Adamu, Abdulnasir Tijjani, Yusuf Abba, Leow Yuan Ting, Mohammed Abubakar Sadiq, Abdul Aziz Saharee, Abdul Wahid Haron.
This case was carried out to compare the healing process and time for the treatment of mange in goats using a combination of Ivermectin with dexamethasone to the earlier Ivermectin with antihistaminics approach. A 3 ½ years old female Boer cross goat was presented with a complaint of crusty lesions on different parts of the body during a routine farm visit in Selangor, Malaysia. Microscopic examinations of the skin scrapes taken revealed Sarcoptes and Psoroptes sp. of mites, while hematological analysis showed slight leucocytosis, neutrophilia with left shift, monocytosis, hyperproteinemia and hyperglobulinemia. Ivermectin injection at 0.2 mg/kg subcutaneously was administered once every 2 weeks in 4 divided doses, while Dexamethasone injection at 1 mg/10 kg and multivitamin at 10 mg/kg IM for 5 days repeated at alternate weeks. Significant improvement was recorded 6 weeks after commencement of treatment and full recovery at 10 weeks. The current drug regimen proved more effective when compared with previous cases that were treated with a combination of ivermectin and antihistaminics.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167623
Influence of dietary supplementation of propolis on hematology, biochemistry and lipid profile of rats fed high cholesterol diet http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167823 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Ibrahim Albokhadaim.
The objective of the present study was to monitor the hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of propolis in rats fed high cholesterol diet. The rats (n=32) were divided into four equal groups. The rats of group 1 (control) were fed basal diet, whereas rats of group 2 were fed basal diet mixed with cholesterol (1%). The rats of group 3 and 4 were fed high cholesterol diet (1%) mixed with propolis powder 1 and 2%, respectively. Hematological parameters were comparable among all groups. Cholesterol, triacylglycerol and ALT activities were increased significantly in rat fed high cholesterol diet as compared to control. Inclusion of propolis in high cholesterol diets reduced these parameters in serum. Hematological and biochemical findings were supported by histopathological analysis of liver tissues. Conclusively, 1% propolis was found as safe and enough to induce beneficial hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic effects in serum of rats fed high cholesterol diet.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167823
Isolation and characterization of Staphylococcus aureus from raw cow milk in Bangladesh http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=168144 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Mueena Jahan, Marzia Rahman, Md. Shafiullah Parvej, Shah Md. Ziqrul Haq Chowdhury, Md. Enamul Haque, Md. Abdul Khaleque Talukder, Sultan Ahmed.
The study was intended for identification and characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw cow milk. A total of 47 milk samples were collected from Sheshmore, Shutiakhali and Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm, Mymensingh. Using bacteriological, biochemical and PCR-based identification schemes, 12 (25.53%) isolates were confirmed as S. aureus. All the isolates showed β-hemolysis on 5% sheep blood agar. S. aureus specific nuc gene (target size 279-bp) was amplified in the cases of all isolates. The isolates were found as resistant to Penicillin (100%), Erythromycin (75%) and Amoxicillin (100%). On the other hand, the isolates were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin (83.33%), Oxacillin (100%), Cloxacillin (100%) and Neomycin (100%). The isolated S. aureus showed increased resistance to broad spectrum antibiotic (e.g., Ciprofloxacin). As many people have a tendency to drink raw milk and raw milk products, there is high risk of S. aureus infection in human.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=168144
Molecular detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from bovine milk samples http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=168333 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
V. BhanuRekha, L. Gunaseelan, Ganesh Pawar, Reza Nassiri, Sukumar Bharathy.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis are the major causes of tuberculosis. These may infect many animal species, and are likely to be the main source of infection in humans. A total of 181 bovine raw milk samples and 123 pre-scapular lymph node biopsy samples were collected and subjected to acid fast staining, fluorescent staining, isolation and identification. Genus specific PCR to identify the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) organism, and multiplex PCR (mPCR) were done to differentiate M. tuberculosis and M. bovis. Among the milk samples tested, only one sample was culture-positive for M. tuberculosis. Four samples were positive by MTBC-PCR and mPCR; all these four were proved to be M. tuberculosis. It is quite likely that animals can be infected with human-originated M. tuberculosis, which in turn may act as a source of infection in humans, becoming a reverse zoonosis. Hence, control strategies for human tuberculosis caused by M. tuberculosis should necessarily include the control strategies in animals too.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=168333
Role of antioxidant vitamins and trace elements in mastitis in dairy cows http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=169276 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Feng L Yang, Xiao S Li.
Mastitis is associated with release of free radicals, increased total oxidant capacity and decreased total antioxidants capacity in milk. Antioxidant vitamins and minerals protect the body from free radicals either by directly scavenging free radicals or by inhibiting the activity of oxidizing enzymes. The supplementation of mastitic dairy cows with antioxidant vitamins as vitamin A (VA) and β-carotene (BC), vitamin C (VC), vitamin E (VE), and antioxidant minerals as selenium (Se), Zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) is very important to help the animal recover early. The aim of this review was to discuss the oxidative stress in dairy cows’ mastitis, and the roles of VA and BC, VC, VE, Se, Zn, and Cu in mastitis of dairy cows. Before deciding to supplement dairy cow rations with the levels of vitamins and minerals, dairy farmers should have their animal feeds tested and their rations evaluated by a competent dairy cow nutritionist and a trustworthy laboratory to be sure what levels of supplementation may be warranted. While inadequate intake and absorption of certain nutrients may result in a weakened immune system and perhaps more mastitis during the lactation period, unjustified supplementation can be expensive and lead to other animal health problems.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=169276
Confirmation of acute nitrate poisoning differentiating from anthrax in three Indian indigenous cattle http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=169951 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Kumaresan Nagarajan, Jayaraman Selvaraj, Govindan Balakrishnan, Kaliyaperumal Manimaran, Krishnan Padmanath, Namakkal Rajamanickam Senthil, Roy Parimal.
This article reports cases of nitrate poisoning in Indian indigenous cattle breeds comprising two Gir cows aging 4 years each, and one Barugur cow at 1.5 years of age. The cattle with case history of sudden death and oozing of partially clotted blood from the anal opening were brought to the Central University Laboratory (CUL), Center for Animal Health Studies (CAHS), Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (TANUVAS) for diagnostic investigation with a suspicion of anthrax. According to anamnesis, all the animals were clinically normal and did not reveal any abnormality on the previous day. The animals were fed with recently harvested sorghum leaves and stalks. Smears examined for anthrax were found negative. Biological test (mice inoculation) for anthrax was also negative. Gross lesions on necropsy examination of the carcases were suggestive of nitrate intoxication. Finally, nitrate intoxication of these cattle was confirmed by chemical and toxicological analysis of fodder, rumen content, aqueous humor, liver, kidney and urine.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=169951
Caspases: An apoptosis mediator http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=169942 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Tapan Kumar Palai, Smruti Ranjan Mishra.
The process of programmed cell death, or apoptosis, is generally characterized by distinct morphological characteristics and energy - dependent biochemical mechanisms. Apoptosis is a widely conserved phenomenon helping many processes, including normal cell turnover, proper development and functioning of the immune system, hormone dependent atrophy etc. Inappropriate apoptosis (either low level or high level) leads to many developmental abnormalities like, neurodegenerative diseases, ischemic damage, autoimmune disorders and many types of cancer. To use cells for therapeutic purposes through generating cell lines, it is critical to study the cell cycle machinery and signalling pathways that controls cell death and apoptosis. Apoptotic pathways provide a fundamental protective mechanism that decreases cellular sensitivity to damaging events and allow proper developmental process in multi-cellular organisms. Major mediator of apoptosis is a family of proteins known as caspases. There are mainly fourteen types of caspases but out of them only ten caspasese have got essential role in controlling the process of apoptosis. These ten caspases have been categorized into either initiator caspases (caspase 2, 8, 9, 10) or executioner caspases (caspase 3, 6, 7). Although various types of caspases have been identified so far, the exact mechanisms of action of these groups of proteins is still to be fully understood. The aim of this review is to provide a detail overview of role of different caspases in regulating the process of apoptosis.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=169942
Determination of reproductive parameters of sows at rural areas of Bangladesh http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=5 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research
Ranjit Chandra Sinha, Abdullah-Al-Maruf, Ashis kumar kundu, Md. Atiqur Rahman, Md. Touhidul Islam, Mohammad Abdullah-Al Mamun.
The aim of this study was to determine the reproductive parameters of sows in selected area of Bangladesh. A total of 51 sows from 21 farms were selected for this study. The data on reproductive parameters were collected from the owners by interviewing with pretested questionnaire. We found that the age at puberty, estrus cycle length, estrus duration, interval between farrowing and onset of estrus and gestation length were 254.5±34.4 and 21.2±1.2 days, 34.2±13.2 h, 51.8±10.9 and 114.3±0.9 days, respectively. The number of required services for each pregnancy in native sows was 1.4 ±0.6, and the first service pregnancy rate using natural mating was 63.8%. Moreover, the number of piglets born per sow was 7.6±3.4. The highest piglet production (10.6±3.1) was in parity 5 and the lowest (4.1±0.6) was in parity 1. Estrus was detected in 34.1% sows on the basis of observing standing reflex when boar mounted. In conclusion, reproductive parameters in native sows of Bangladesh need to be improved for ensuring satisfactory reproductive performances.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:57:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=5
A study to assess the blood glucose level among diagnosed cases of tuberculosis registered at a tuberculosis unit of Bhopal city, Madhya Pradesh, India http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=576 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Vivek Nagar, Devendra Gour, Vishwanath Arutagi, Lokendra Dave, Padma Bhatia, Ankur Joshi, D K Pal.
Background: The incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing worldwide, especially in developing countries where tuberculosis (TB) is most prevalent. Nearly one-third of world’s population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Diabetes and TB may complicate each other at many levels. Systematic review of screening conducted in multiple settings showed that screening of patients with TB for DM also yielded high prevalence of diabetes ranging from 1.9% to 35%. Objective: This study aimed to assess the blood glucose level among diagnosed cases of TB registered at a District Tuberculosis Center in Bhopal. Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study carried out in a TB unit (District Tuberculosis Center), Bhopal, on all registered cases of TB above 18 years. All patients who gave their consent during the period of October 2013 to March 2014 were included. Results: Out of 260 subjects enrolled for this study, complete details and blood glucose values were available for 220 subjects. Of the 220 subjects, 34 (15.4%) were found to have DM and 25 (11.3%) had previous diagnosis of DM; 9 (4.09%) were newly diagnosed. The prevalence of DM among patients with TB was significantly higher among males aged >50 years and with pulmonary TB. Conclusion: Results of this study re-echo the need to raise awareness of screening for DM in persons with TB. Study finding shows the high prevalence of DM in patients with TB in Bhopal, and that a significant proportion of patients with DM may not be aware of their glucose status. Screening of patients with TB for DM is feasible, effective, and comprehensive approach that could lead to improved care and better patient outcomes.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 04:45:05 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=576
A hospital-based study of prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir state of India http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=170960 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Rama Jailkhani, Shivashankara A Ramachandrayya, Vidya S Patil, Sameena.
Background: Significant incidence of thyroid dysfunction, especially hypothyroidism, has been reported in Kashmir Valley of India. There is a paucity of studies that assessed the presence of thyroid dysfunction in various age groups of people in Srinagar. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in the local population who visit the outpatient department of Ramakrishna Mission Clinic at Srinagar. Materials and Methods: This work is a cross-sectional study carried out for 18 months. The study subjects were the patients who attended outpatient department of Ramakrishna Mission Clinic; patients referred by private practitioners of Srinagar and adjoining areas. The data were from those subjects who got thyroid function tests done for the first time. Thyroid function was assessed by clinical examination and thyroid function tests (T3, T4, and TSH). Results: The total number of subjects tested for thyroid function was 612 of which 120 were men and 492 were women. Total prevalence of thyroid disorders in the study population was 40.36% (247 of 612). Of the total 247 subjects with thyroid disorders, 17.8% were men (44) and 81.2% were women (203). Overall prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was 33% (206 of 612); prevalence of overt hypothyroidism was 5% (31 of 612); and prevalence of hyperthyroidism was 1.6% (10 of 612). Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of thyroid disorders in Kashmir population, and subclinical hypothyroidism is the most prevalent thyroid disorder. In females, maximum prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism is seen in the reproductive age group.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 04:24:09 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=170960
Cardiovascular disease determinants: burden and knowledge among women in a rural community of Delhi http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=170609 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Jitendra K Meena, Anjana Verma, Bratati Banerjee, Gopal K Ingle.
Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are becoming major health burden in developing countries such as India. Rural women are reported to have high CVD-related mortality rates and are less likely to receive appropriate treatment. Objective: To assess knowledge, practices, and burden of CVD-related risk factors among women in a rural area of Delhi. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Pooth Khurd village, a rural pocket situated in northwest district of Delhi through house-to-house survey by two investigators. A total of 100 women above 18 years of age and resident of the village were included in the study using systematic random sampling technique. A pretested interview schedule, containing items to assess knowledge and practices regarding CVDs and risk factors based on various validated tools, was used. Fischer’s exact and Pearson’s correlation tests were applied; tests were two sided with p-value below 0.05 considered significant. Results: Poor CVD knowledge was seen among study participants with less than half of subjects identifying family history (24%), tobacco and alcohol intake (48%, 47%), and so forth as risk factors for CVDs. High burden of risk factors, such as high salt intake (35%), inadequate physical activity (77%), and raised blood sugar (5%), and poor health-seeking behavior were observed. Conclusion: This study reflects poor knowledge and relatively high burden of CVD risk factors among rural women. Poor knowledge is predictive of high CVD risk in community settings.
]]>
Wed, 17 Dec 2014 04:23:43 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=170609
Partner violence against women, childhood trauma, depression and quality of life: A population based-study http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175220 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry
Yüksel Kıvrak, Neriman Gey, Habibe Ayla Kıvrak, Mehmet Hanifi Kokacya, Ümit Sertan Çöpoğlu, Mustafa Arı.
Objective: In this study our aim was to investigate the frequency of spousal violence, its relationship with childhood traumas, depression and sociodemographic factors and its effects on affected women’s life quality. Methods: Data of 410 randomly chosen people who live in the city center and nearby villages were evaluated. The sociodemographic data survey, Short Form 36 (SF-36), Family Violence Survey (FVS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Childhood Trauma Scale (CTS) were applied. Results: Of the participants, 366 (89.3%) had experienced violence at least once in their lifetime. Three hundred and nine (75.4%) of them were emotional, 306 (74.6%) of them were sexual, 285 (69.5%) of them were verbal, 222 (54.1%) of them were physical, 321 (78.3%) of them were economical violence. BDI, CTS, husband’s educational level, disparity in age and education level between spouses were important for exposure to violence. Depression was an important effect on life quality of the affected women. Conclusion: Familial violence is frequent. BDS, CTS are the main predictors for spousal violence and life quality. Diagnosis and treatment of depression may help to prevent spousal violence and increase life quality.
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 22:33:05 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175220
Fog cloud in front of the Lewy bodies dementia: delirium http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175218 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry
Nermin Yücel, Atakan Yücel, Nazan Aydın.
Lewy body dementia (LBD) is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer disease. Clinical symptoms include acute onset of cognitive fluctuations accompanied by dementia, visual hallucinations, disorientation and sleep disorders that suggest initially the diagnosis of delirium. Antipsychotic medication for the treatment of delirium worsens the symptoms due to neuroleptic sensitivity associated with increased morbidity and mortality patients with LBD. In literature, there are rare case reports with overlooked LBD that presented like delirium symptoms. Additionally, it was declared that quetiapine and cholinesterase inhibitors have individually efficacy on treatment of LBD. In this case, we present a woman who had difficulty for diagnosis due to misdiagnosis of LCD and treatment with quetiapine and rivastigmine.
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 22:30:28 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175218
Inappropriate sexual behaviors associated with mental retardation or transvestic fetishism: a case study http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=1270 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry
Fatih Hilmi Çetin, Şahnur Şener, Elvan İşeri, Hande Ayraler Taner.
One of the characteristics of puberty is awareness of one’s own sexuality. While searching in sexual behaviors sometimes put them awkward situations, yet this is how they exercise their sexuality. Deviations in sexual behavior such as paraphilia often begin in adolescence, transvestic fetishism is one of them. In this case report, 14-year-old male patient with mild mental retardation was brought with presenting symptoms of wearing his mother’s undergarments. This cross-dressing behavior has been going on for about a year and usually ending with masturbation associated with feelings of relief and quilt. He seemed embarrassed and was defensive to related questions, avoiding eye contacts and his mood was depressive in his mental examination. Mild mental retardation was determinated in his intelligence test. Sertraline 50 mg/day was started for his depression and weekly based therapy with him and his family was outlined. The purpose of the therapy, to make him understand his deviated behavior as well as educate him as what to do appropriately with his sexual feelings. In this paper, relationship between transvestic fetishism and mental retardation, differential diagnosis of transvestic fetishism and psychodynamics of transvestic fetishism are discussed. Last of all, diagnose of transvestic fetishism at an early age and early intervention are important for a successful treatment. The importance of sexual education to youngsters besides dealing familial and psychosexual factors contribute to treatment process are discussed. The need and choice of pharmacological treatment are also discussed in the light of the literature.
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 22:27:50 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=1270
Relationship Between Thought and Language Disorder and Positive and Negative Syndrom Scale (PANSS) and sociodemographic characteristics in Patients with Schizophrenia http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=690 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry
Halis Ulaş, Berna Yalınçetin, Tolga İbrahim Binbay, Berna Binnur Akdede, Selma Polat Özdemir, Deniz Özbay Gediz, Levent Var, Köksal Alptekin.
Objective: Thought disorders are one of the important and less understood characteristics of schizophrenia. Thought disorder is generally considered in two parts as thought content and thought process. However, it has been suggested that thought disorder in schizophrenia is strongly related to impairment in thought process. Thought and language disorder in schizophrenia is known to be associated with particılar clinical symptoms. The aim of this study is to investigate relationship between thought and language disorder and subscales and items of PANSS in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: This study was conducted with 176 patients who met DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia. Sociodemographic data form, Thought and Language Index (TLI) and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were administered to the patients. Results: Thought and Language Index score was significantly correlated with positive, negative, general psychopathology subscale scores and total score of PANSS. When the relationship between TLI and items of PANSS was evaluated; conceptual disorganisation (P2), suspiciousness/persecution (P6), blunted affect (N1), emotional withdrawal (N2), difficulty in abstract thinking (N5), lack of spontaneity and flow of conversation (N6), motor retardation (G7) and unusual thought content (G9) items of PANSS were significantly correlated with TLI. Conclusion: Thought and language disorder disorder was found related with positive, negative, general psychopathology subscalese of PANSS.
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 22:27:17 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=690
Post Mortem Study Of Injuries to the Internal Neck Structures in Cases of Death Due To Hanging http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175216 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine
Dr. Dharmesh S. Patel*, Dr. Dipak H.Vora**, Dr. Jainik P. Shah***, Dr. S. K. Raloti****, Dr. H. T. Khubchandani*****, Dr. D. A. Silajiya******.
Virtually all hangings are suicidal in nature and all ligature strangulations are homicidal in nature. So for the purpose of police investigation differentiation between two is very important and necessary. It is generally said that deaths due to hanging are devoid of any injury to the internal neck structures while in strangulation these injuries are always present. So injuries to the internal neck structures are sometimes used as differentiating factor between hanging and strangulation along with other factors. Aim: The aim of this study is to know the prevalence of injuries to the internal neck structures in deaths due to hanging. Method: This study was conducted at mortuary of the civil hospital, Ahmadabad in the year 2013. Total 40 cases of deaths due to hanging were randomly selected. Result: Out of these 40 cases 26(65%) were male and 14(45%) were female. 22 (55%) cases were showing injuries to the internal neck structures in the form of haemorrhage in to the soft tissues and strap muscles or fracture of superior horn of thyroid cartilage or greater cornue of hyoid bone. However these injuries are mainly found present beneath the ligature mark except some indirect injuries e.g. haemorrhage at the origin of sternomastoid muscle and avulsion fracture of greater cornue of hyoid bone due to over stretching of thyro-hyoid membrane. These injuries in cases of hanging are not extensive as found in cases of death due to strangulation. In one case extension distraction fracture of cervical spine at c3-c4 level was found which very rare finding in suicidal hanging is. Conclusion: From the present study it is evident that injuries to the internal neck structures are not very uncommon in the hanging. Though the extent and frequency of injuries are less compare to the ligature strangulation. [Vora P NJIRM 2014; 5(6):68-72]
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 22:16:16 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=175216
Thioridazine: a potential adjuvant in pharmacotherapy of drug resistant tuberculosis http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167913 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology
Kiran K. Kishore, G. S. H. Ramakanth, N. Chandrasekhar, P. V. Kishan, Chiranjeevi Uday Kumar, P. Usharani.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Despite advances in control strategies, inadequate treatment and failure to comply with drug regimens have resulted in TB to emerge as one of the most common and deadly infectious diseases worldwide. The emergence of drug-resistant TB has evolved as a formidable obstacle for comprehensive TB control. Drug-resistant TB can be classified as multi-drug-resistant TB, extensively drug-resistant TB and totally drug resistant TB (TDR-TB). There is a paucity in the development of new drugs against drug-resistant mycobacteria. The focus has shifted to the exploration of anti-mycobacterial properties of drugs approved for other indications. Thioridazine, a drug approved for use in schizophrenia is one such potential agent, which has shown anti-mycobacterial activity. There is evidence of anti-mycobacterial action of Thioridazine in in-vitro and mouse models. There is a compelling need for new anti-mycobacterial drugs that are more effective and have less toxicity. Further clinical trials are advocated favoring the use of thioridazine as an adjuvant in the treatment of TB, especially TDR-TB.
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 21:41:54 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=167913
The Feeding Value of Rice Husk with or without Probiotics and Enzyme Supplementation in Replacing Groundnut Cake in the diets of Juvenile Snails: Archanchatina marginata http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=165891 2014-12-21T03-18-26Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Adeniji, A. A.,Oluwafemi, R. A & Akinpelu, O. B..
A total of three hundred and sixty (360) juvenile snails (archanchatina marginata) of similar body weight and age were used to determine the effects of replacing rice husk for groundnut cake (GNC) with or without probiotics and enzyme supplementation. The experiment which lasted for ten weeks (10) was a 3x4 factorial experiment with three replacement levels of rice husk (0, 30 and 60%) for groundnut cake by four supplemental levels (No supplement, Probiotics A, Probiotics B and Enzyme). The results showed that increase in the inclusion level of rice husk had significant effects (P0.05) on the feed intake and rate of gain of shell thickness. There were significant effects (P0.05) of the supplementation was observed on the rate of gain of shell thickness. Juvenile snails fed probiotics B significantly (P0.05) than snails fed probiotics A. The interactions between the varying levels of rice husk and supplements had significant effects (P0.05) on the rate of weight gain, daily feed intake, rate of gain of shell length and rate of gain of shell thickness. This study showed that snails fed 30% inclusion level of rice husk supplemented with probiotics A is the best replacement for groundnut cake as it gave the best growth performance characteristics, snail shell parameters and financial returns.
]]>
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 20:11:49 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=165891