ScopeMed - RSShttp://www.scopemed.orgScopeMed RSSen-us Copyright © 2011 ScopeMed All rights reserved. ScopeMedhttp://www.scopemed.org/img/logo-scopemed-ttk.gifhttp://www.scopemed.org 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z A Contribution of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Criteria versus Morphological Traits in Taxonomy of Flowering Plants. http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196274 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Botany)
Usama K Abdel-Hameed, Ghada A Khdery, Mohamed E Tantawy, Maged M. Abo-eleinein, Sayed M. Arafat, Mohamed A. Aboelghar.
Background and aims: Absorption of light in the electromagnetic spectrum by plant pigments and other types of molecules produces a unique spectral reflectance signature. The aim of the present study is to assess the use of morphological and hyperspectral remote sensing criteria in taxonomy of flowering plants. Methods: The macromorphological characters and stomatographic criteria as revealed with SEM were extracted from 20 species belonging to ten families collected from two wadies in Sinai, Egypt. In addition to the spectral reflectance was measured with ASD field spectroradiometer in the wavelength ranged from 350 to 2500 nm. The optimal wavebands and wavelengths were detected by One Way ANOVA (Tukey’s HSD Post Hoc Analysis) and Linear Discriminate Analysis. The phenetic analysis of morphological and hyperspectral characters were performed using NTsys-PC version 2.02 software. Key results: Macromorphological diversity was detected and six types of lamina sculpture as revealed with SEM were recognized. Red (550 - 750 nm) and NIR (760 - 1000 nm) spectral zones were the optimal to discriminate the different genera. The unique wavelengths for each genus were identified. Conclusions: Hyperspectral technique was considered as a valuable taxonomic tool for flowering plants and was supported with macromorphological data and stomatography.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:37:13 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196274
Hydrops of Allantois in a Deccani Ewe - A Case Report http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190264 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Kurati Sunny Praveen, Maganti Gopala Krishna, Sudhakar Goud K, Makkena Sreenu.
A 5 year old Deccani ewe in the last trimester of gestation was referred to clinic with a history of sudden, progressive and bilateral distention of abdomen. The ewe underwent a midventral caesarean section under infiltration analgesia and revealed a grossly distended, thin walled, transudate like fluid filled uterus with 10 to 12 litres of allantoic fluid and found live fetus. The ewe recovered uneventfully.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190264
Therapeutic Management of Malassezia Dermatitis in a Labrador retriever Dog http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=193920 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Challa Bharath Kumar Reddy, K Nalini Kumari.
A four and half year old male Labrador dog was brought to the College hospital with the history of severe itching and hairfall since 10 days. Clinical examination revealed intense pruritus, erythema, seborrhea, and alopecia. Tape impression smears revealed budding yeast cells of Malassezia spp., which were confirmed as Malassezia pachydermatis by cultural isolation. Hence the dog was diagnosed to be suffering from Malassezia dermatitis and was treated with oral Ketoconazole, shampoo of Ketoconazole and chlorhexidine, oral silymarin and oral administration of omega fatty acids. Haematology and serum biochemical results were within normal range except for eosinophilia. The cytological recovery was obtained by 14th day, however therapy was continued for 10 more days. Owner was asked to continue shampoo for bathing once in a week for at least for 3 more months. Hence it is concluded that the combination of oral Ketoconazole, shampoo of Ketoconazole and chlorhexidine, and oral silymarin can be successfully used for the therapy of Malassezia dermatitis in a dog.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=193920
Pattern of the Effect of Different Vegetable Diets Supplemented With Concentrate on the Growth Performance of African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata) http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190944 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Isikwenu Jonathan Ogagaoghene.
The effect of different vegetable diets supplemented with concentrate on the growth performance of African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata) was investigated. Three hundred (300) grower snails weighing from 55.00 – 57.50g were randomly assigned to five treatment groups with each having three replicates in a completely randomized design. The snails were fed five experimental vegetable diets (T1 water leaf, T2 pawpaw leaf, T3 amaranthus leaf, T4 cabbage and T5 goat weed) plus concentrate for 10 weeks ad libitum and water freely supplied. The experimental concentrate feed was salt free and contain 26% crude protein and 2700 Kcal/kg metabolizable energy. Results showed significantly (P < 0.05) higher weight gain and edible carcass (foot) gain in treatment T5 than treatment T1 while all others were similar (P > 0.05). Results indicate that vegetable type can affect the growth performance of the African Giant Land Snail. Vegetable diets with high crude protein and dry matter content gave better weight gain performance than those with low crude protein and dry matter content. Snails ate more of the vegetable diets as their main feed.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190944
Changes in the Reproductive Hormones of Non-Pregnant Does Infected Intradermally with Corynebacterium Pseudotuberculosis in Chronic Form http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190902 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, Nur Amirah Abdul Latif, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Siti Aimi Sarah, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Abdul Wahid Haron, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Zunita Zakaria, Mohd Jefri Norsidin.
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the causative agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), a common disease in small ruminant populations across the globe. The disease remains as a major disease causing economic loss to the owners. There is little information related to the effect of this disease towards reproductive performance of the animal when the disease occurs in chronic form. This study analyzes the changes of the reproductive hormones in non-pregnant does infected chronically with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis via intradermal route. Eighteen non-pregnant healthy Katjang does aged 2 years old were divided randomly into two groups. The first and second groups consist of nine does each and were kept for 3 consecutive months. The first group was experimentally inoculated with 1 ml of 107 cfu of live Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis through intradermal route while the second group was inoculated with 1 ml PBS (pH 7) solution intradermally. Serum samples were collected every 3 days for 3 consecutive months from each group post infection via jugular venipuncture for reproductive hormone analyses. Present study indicates a decrement in progesterone concentration but shows an increment in estradiol profile throughout 3 months post-infection. The present results therefore indicate hormonal imbalance due to chronicity of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in affected does.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190902
Effects of Monkey Kola Nut (Kola lepidota) Meal on the Performance of Growing Rabbits http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=192264 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Noel Owunari Wariboko, Otokini Smile George.
A study was carried out to determine the effects of Monkey kola nut (Kola lepidota) meal on the performance of growing rabbits. A total of thirty two (32) New Zealand White growing rabbits were randomly allotted to four (4) treatment groups with four (4) replicate per treatment and two (2) rabbits per replicate in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The rabbits were subjected to Standard husbandry practices throughout the study that lasted for seven (7) weeks. The monkey kola nut seed meal was incorporated at graded levels of 0g, 5g, 7g, 9g per Kg feed in T1 (control), T2, T3 and T4 respectively. Performance criteria were feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion ratio. At the end of the experiment, the feed intake and weight gain was used to compute the feed conversion ratio. There were no significant differences among treatments in all the performance parameters observed. Further studies should be carried out on the use of monkey kola nut meal as a feed additive in rabbit diets.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=192264
Morphometric, Productive and Reproductive Traits of Local Cattle (Zobawng) of Mizoram http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191109 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Saidur Rahman, Girin Kalita.
The present study was undertaken in Mizoram state of India with the objective to describe the physical characteristics, reproductive performance and production performance of local cattle (Zobawng) of Mizoram. A total 300 dairy cattle were studied from all the eight the districts of the state by using survey method. The average chest girth, body length, height at wither, head length, forehead width, horn size, tail length and leg length observed were 133±0.62cm, 121.44±0.90 cm, 108.42±0.73 cm, 38.69±0.25 cm, 4.29±0.15cm, 5.05±1.27cm, 85.64±0.66 cm and 92.05±0.51 cm respectively. The average age at first estrous was 31.45± 0.87 months, average age at first service was 32.65±0.96 months, average age at first calving was 43.60±0.96 months, average gestation length was 296.19 ± 0.26 days, average calving interval was 533.63± 0.87 days, average Post-partum heat period was 7.78±0.19 months and average service per conception was 2.47±0.11. The production performance of the local cattle was studied as mean milk yield per day was 1.61±0.19 litre, mean peak milk yield was 2.44±0.11 litre, mean lactation length was 232.68±0.90 days, mean dry period was 241.76± 0.89 days. It is found that the local cattle of Mizoram state is at par with the other non-descript cattle of different parts of the country.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191109
Neuroanatomical Structures of Spinal Cord - A Review http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191302 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Mohd Yousuf Dar, Kamal Sarma, Muneer Ahmad Dar, Shahriaz Ahmed Chowdhary.
This review aims to highlight the the termination of spinal cord in different species and to focus on gross morphology, cross sections at different levels, compound light microscopic view and electron microscopic view, in vitro and the images under Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, in vivo. The spinal cord starts from the foramen magnum and ends in to conus medullaris. The caudal extremity of the spinal cord tapers to a point caudal to the lumbar segments and is referred to as the conus medullaris. The cross section of spinal cord varies at different level. Histologically the spinal cord is composed of neurons and neuroglia. Ultrastructurally the organells of the different components of spinal cord can be visible.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191302
Histomorphological Development of the Circumvallate Papillae in Goat Foetii (Capra hircus) http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191181 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Mohd Yousuf Dar, Kamal Sarma, Asif Ahmad Bhat, Zulfqar Ul Haq, Mudasir Amin Bader, Shahriaz Ahmad Chowdhary.
The present study was conducted on the tongue of 18 goat foetii divided into three prenatal age groups to study the sequential events with regard to histological development of circumvallate papillae in goat foetii. The first indication of formation of circumvallate papillae in goat foetii was observed at 62 days of gestation (CRL =10.10 cm. At 120 days of gestation (CRL=31.10 cm), the papillary epithelium invaginated into the propria-submucosa to form serous acini. ). A well developed moat was marked on the lateral aspect of the papillae. At 134 days of gestational age in goat foetii (CRL= 32.00 cm), taste buds were observed on the apical surface of the circumvallate papillae and the papillae were lined by stratified squamous epithelium. At 146 days of gestation (CRL =35.50 cm), the stratified squamous epithelium of the circumvallate papillae showed a slight degree of keratinisation. In the present study, the mean values in regard to height of circumvallate papillae in the goat foetii of group I, II and III were recorded to be 28.05 ± 4.00 μ which increased significantly (P≤ 0.05) to 128.33 μ ± 9.84 in group II and then to 231.57 ± 20.36 μ in group III. Similarly, the mean diameter of the circumvallate papillae were recorded as 36.07 ± 2.73 μ, 161.03 ± 17.52 μ and 395.5 ± 33.50 μ in group I, II and III, respectively. In 146 day old foetus vallate papillae were developed locating 7 on right side and 5 numbers on the left side of the tongue.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191181
Successful Management of Corneal Dermoid in an Ongole Bull – a Case Report http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191710 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Saibaba Mandagiri, Mallikarjuna Rao Ch, Veena Podarala, Dhana Lakshmi Nekkanti, Phaneendra M.S.S.V.
Corneal dermoid was reported in one year old ongole bull and removed successfully by superficial keratectomy.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191710
Influences of Age and Body Weight on Biometry of Reproductive Organs of Dairy Cows in Bangladesh http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=192211 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
R. Khaton, M. J.U. Sarder, M. R. Gofur.
A biometrical study of female reproductive organs of dairy cows (n=100) of different age (A, B, C= 5 years) and body weight (X, Y, Z = 300 kg) groups respectively was conducted to find out age and body weight depended changes in biometry of reproductive organs. The mean length of vulva, vagina, cervix and body of uterus were recorded as 8.85, 22.59, 5.02 and 3.12 cm respectively and the corresponding values for the width were 4.83, 5.44, 4.56 and 2.51 cm respectively. The mean length of right uterine horn and oviduct was 25.34 and 21.05 cm respectively and that of left one were 25.79 and 21.00 cm respectively. The reproductive organs of different groups showed significant difference (p5 years and body weight group >300 kg had significantly higher values (p3 years) and body weight group Y & Z (>200 kg) of dairy cows is suggestive in selecting dairy cattle for better productive and reproductive performance and for livestock improvement.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=192211
Effects of Feeding Intensity on the Performance Characteristics and Onset of Sexual Maturity in Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=192112 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Noel Owunari Wariboko, Otoki Ni Smile George.
A study was carried out to determine the effects of feeding intensity on the performance characteristics and onset of sexual maturity in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Two hundred (200) day old Japanese quails of mixed sexes were weighed and randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatments with 5 replicates per treatment in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Each replicate had 10 birds thus a total of 50 birds per treatment. The control treatment (TI) had 100% feeding intensity while T2, T3 and T4 had 90%, 80% and 70% feeding intensities, respectively. Feeds were fed in 2 phases (grower phase) from 0-3 weeks and (finisher phase) from 4-8 weeks. Birds in all treatments were fed a common diet in each phase of the experiment. Feed was restricted at both phases while water was served ad libitum. The experiment lasted 56 days. Initial body weight was recorded and subsequently daily record on feed consumption, weight gain and mortality were made. Results obtained at the end of the experiment indicated that feeding intensity was proportionate to body weight gained and both could affect sexual maturity solely or jointly. With the significant feed intake and body weight gained at week 6, no quail laid in all the treatments. Sexual maturity started in TI at week 7 (49th day), with an average weight of 133.3g while it started at week 8 (52nd day) in T2 and 56th day in T3 when the average weights were 148g and 125g, respectively demonstrating that feed intake level and body weight were determinants for sexual maturity. Quails in T4 did not lay at week 8 but at the 60th day because of low feeding intensity which affected low intake of all nutrients.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=192112
Effects of Source and Time of Harvest on the Proximate Composition of Maggot (Musca Domestica) Larva Meal http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=193331 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Anthonia Ijeoma Ukanwoko, Olawale Abayomi Olalekan.
The effects of source of maggot meal and the time of harvest on the proximate composition of maggot meal were assessed. However, crude protein, fat, ash and crude fibre varied significantly (P
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=193331
Management of Dystocia Due to Uterine Torsion in a Doe http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=193622 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Md Osamah Kalim, Shailendra Kumar Tiwari, Rukmani Dewangan, Raju Sharda, Anirudh Singh Sengar, Mahajan Singh Marawi.
A 4 year old nondescript doe was brought with the history of full term pregnancy, abdominal straining since 16 hours and mucous discharge from vagina. The owner reported futile attempts made to deliver the kid. Per vaginal examination revealed twisting of vaginal fold spirally downward and forward to the right side.The case was diagnosed as uterine torsion and emergency caesarean section was performed. Following restraining the animal in right lateral recumbancy, surgery was accomplished under epidural anaesthesia using 3ml of 2% Lignocaine HCl. The uterus was exteriorated with due caution and incised at position where fetal extremity was felt. After removal of dead fetous one complete rotation (180o was made to detort uterus. The animal made an uneventful recovery.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=193622
Effect of Feed and Health Packages on the Performance of Village Small Ruminants in Northern Ghana http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=195888 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Franklin Kodzo Avornyo, Augustine Ayantunde, Mohamed Tiyumtaba Shaibu, Solomon Pigangsoa Konlan, Naaminong Karbo.
The objective of this study was to assess the productivity of small ruminant through the introduction of improved healthcare and feeding strategies into small ruminant production systems. The General Linear Model of SAS was used to compare means after fitting sources of variation to models. Growth rate of treatment animals was higher than that of control animals (P
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=195888
The Impact of Climate Change on Emergence and Re-emergence of Vector-borne Human Diseases http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197212 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Suketu Dave, Pratibha Dave, Mahendra Pal.
Climate change is happening with greater speed, and intensity in the world, than it was initially predicted. Climate change refers to any significant changes in climate through, temperature, precipitation, wind, etc., for an extended period, as a result of the natural processes, such as sun’s intensity, ocean circulation, and human activities causing changes in the atmosphere’s composition through burning fossil fuels and deforestation. Climate change has a significant impact on human and animal health with regard to certain infectious diseases mainly transmitted through arthropod vectors. Climate change may affect disease by increasing the transmission cycles of vectors, and some regions, it may result in establishment of new diseases. The basic transmission cycle involves arthropod-animal host amplification, with humans acting as a dead-end host. Nearly half of the world’s population is infected by vector borne diseases, resulting in high mortality and morbidity. The important vector borne diseases affected by climate change include Chickengunya fever, dengue fever, dirofilariasis, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, malaria, plague, Rift Valley fever, tickborne diseases, trypanosomiasis, and West Nile fever, Over the next decades, it is predicted that billions of people in the world, particularly those in developing countries, will face the shortage of water and food, and greater risks to health, and life due to the climate change. Hence, continued interdisciplinary research is needed to understand the association between climate, weather, and infectious diseases. Predictive modeling should be developed to forecast the impact of climate change on the emergence of diseases, which affect the health of humans and animals. Additional studies should be conducted on disease dynamics, and how they may adapt to a changing climate.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:25:21 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197212
Assessment of scapular behavior in stroke patients http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=198000 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
Ajit Dabholkar, Devanshi Mehta, Sujata Yardi, Tejashree Dabholkar.
Background: Stroke is the number two cause of death world-wide and may soon become the leading cause of death worldwide. The occurrence of shoulder pain after stroke is quite common in hemiplegia with an estimated incidence between 16% and 84%.This so-called Post Stroke Shoulder Pain, or PSSP can impede rehabilitation and interfere with both function and quality of life. It may not only interfere with shoulder function, but also with balance, walking, transfers and performance of self-care activities. Alterations in shoulder kinematics could lead to shoulder instabilities which in turn could lead to shoulder pain. Purpose: Assessment of scapular stability, assessment of type of scapular dyskinesia , and assessment of disability in stroke patients with scapular dyskinesia Materials and Methods: Weighing scale, Dumbbells weighing three pounds and five pounds, Ruler to calculate scapular balance angle, Disability assessment scale, Goniometer. Results: Scapular alterations were evident in patients with stroke Conclusion: The scapular stability is affected as evaluated by scapular dyskinesia test and scapular balance angle. Various types of scapular dyskinesia were observed. It was observed that patients with disability have scapular dyskinesia
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:20:03 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=198000
Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=189731 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri.
Background: Malaria is one of the major public health problems. Currently, almost 100 countries or territories in the world are considered to be affected by malaria, with Africa and South of Sahara accounting for half of them. The estimation of WHO is that 1.7 to 2.5 million deaths and 300 to 500 million cases of malaria occur each year globally. The disease is distributed in all parts of India. Objective: To find out the prevalence of different species of malaria in Surendranagar district (Gujarat, India) and comparison of different hematological parameters between the species. Basic procedure includes all patients revealing malaria infection by any species. Material and Methods: Hematological parameters such as hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), total leukocyte count (TLC), platelet count, and red cell distribution width (RDW) were determined by using automated cell counter, and peripheral smear examination for malarial parasite was taken as gold standard for diagnosis of malaria. Result: Of the 129 patients, 60 patients revealed Plasmodium falciparum malaria and 69 patients revealed Plasmodium vivax malaria; other species has not been identified in this region. Anemia (Hb < 10 g/dL, p = 0.00), platelet count (
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:29:13 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=189731
Drug prescribing pattern of topical corticosteroids in dermatology unit of a tertiary-care hospital http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=189854 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Bhuvana KB, Rajesh T Patil, Rathish T Pillai.
Background: Considering the economic burden of the skin disease treatment and because of its high disease prevalence, it is important to study the drug prescribing patterns of skin diseases. The data pertaining to drug usage patterns of topical corticosteroids in skin conditions are particularly lacking. Objective: To study the demographic details and drug prescription pattern in patients with skin diseases who were on topical corticosteroids. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in the Dermatology Department, Azeezia Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Meeyannoor, Kollam, Kerala, India, for 6 months. The patients with skin diseases who were on topical corticosteroids were included. The data were collected prospectively by direct observation in a specially designed pro forma containing relevant detail such as demographic, disease, and drug data. The data were analyzed as counts and percentages. Result: The patients were of age < 20 years (33%) and 21–40 years (30%), with female subjects (62%) being the majority; patients from rural area (62%) were commonly affected. The most common skin conditions encountered were dermatitis (47%) and psoriasis (14%). The most common topical corticosteroid prescribed was clobetasol propionate (60%). Many of the topical corticosteroids were prescribed in fixed dose combination (42%). Majority of the topical corticosteroids prescribed were of very potent (73%) and potent (14%). Average drug per prescription was 3.6. In prescriptions, 57% were specified using generic names. None of them were specified with either strength or quantity. Only 21% were specified with area of application, 25% with route of administration, and 23% with frequency of administration. Conclusion: There is a need to put more emphasis on rational and complete prescribing of drugs for skin diseases.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:28:28 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=189854
Intraocular pressure changes in different age group individuals after water ingestion http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=181684 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Anitha Lakshmi, Nagaraja Puranik, KF Kammar.
Background: The intraocular fluids exert pressure on the coats of the eyeball, which is referred to as the intraocular pressure (IOP). It varies with factors such as the time of day, heart beat rate, blood pressure level, respiration of day, heartbeat, blood pressure level, fluid intake, and respiration. Age is considered to be one among the several factors that influence IOP. Objective: To reveal the IOP changes in each of the eyes, among the different age group individuals, immediately and at different intervals (15, 30, 45, and 60 min) after water ingestion. Materials and Methods: Investigations were carried out in 50 young-aged, 50 middle-aged, and 50 old-aged individuals before and after water ingestion. The IOP changes in them were compared before and after water ingestion in them, and the effect was compared among the different age group individuals. Statistical analysis was done by using Student t-test by considering paired and unpaired t-test. Result: In this study, IOP significantly increased in both the eyes, immediately after water ingestion in all the three age group individuals, when considered separately. Conclusion: This study can be concluded with the findings that the IOPs have a propensity to increase immediately after water ingestion in different age group individuals, and this increase is more in old age individuals when compared with the young age individuals. This study may help in the prediction of ocular hypertension in relation to age, and its consequences be forecasted by using a more common parameter (i.e., IOP).
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:27:57 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=181684
A comparative study of mast cells in appendix http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=181488 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Geetanjali Nagaraj, Subhashish Das, Mahesh Venkatesha, Harendra Kumar ML.
Background: Mast cells are derived from the multipotent cells in the bone marrow and located at body sites that interface with the external environment such as the mucosa, skin, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal mucosa. Objective: (1) To compare the mast cell counts in acute appendicitis, chronic appendicitis, and appendix removed during other abdominal surgeries and (2) to investigate the role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of appendicitis. Materials and Methods: One hundred fifty cases of appendix, except gangrenous appendicitis, were analyzed for mast cells counts. Qualitative data were represented in the form of frequencies and percentages. Quantitative data were represented in the form of mean and standard deviation (SD); ANOVA was the test of significance to compare the mean between the three groups. Result: In this study, 150 cases of appendicitis were examined. The most common lesion that was noticed was acute appendicitis in 46 cases (30.66%), followed by chronic appendicitis in 39 cases (26%). Sixty-five (43.33%) cases were those whose appendix was incidentally removed during abdominal surgeries. Conclusion: The mast cell count was the highest in chronic appendicitis when compared with acute and noninflamed appendices.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:27:07 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=181488
Older paternal age and positive consanguinity increase the burden of β thalassemia disease http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=165542 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Zeze TH Atwa.
Background: β thalassemia has been considered one of the most common genetic diseases. It represents public health concern especially in Middle East and Mediterranean regions. Objective: To determine the influential effect of paternal and maternal ages on β thalassemia inheritance. Materials and Methods: This case–control study was conducted at EL Fayoum University Hospital in the period from June 2013 to June 2014. The study included 94 children with β thalassemia. Full medical history was taken. The state of parental consanguinity and paternal and maternal ages at time of the child’s birth were recorded (as given by history and confirmed by data from birth record of the child and identity record of the parents). Results were interpreted using Statistical Package for Social Science program. Result: Fathers aged ≥40 years revealed increased risk to possess children with β thalassemia (P = 0.000, 95%CI: 0.038, 0.015). Children of relative parents had significantly increased chance to possess β thalassemia (P = 0.000, 95%CI: 0.219, 0.491). Maternal age did not have any influential effect on β thalassemia inheritance. There were no significant differences between thalassemia major and thalassemia intermedia with respect to father’s age and consanguinity. Conclusion: Parents with positive consanguinity and fathers aged ≥40 years showed increased risk to possess children with β thalassemia disease. These results must be considered on applying the rules of preconception screening and genetic counseling to thalassemia. Complementary genetic studies about this issue are recommended.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:26:37 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=165542
To compare the efficacy of Drotaverine hydrochloride and Valethamate bromide in shortening of the first stage of labour http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197122 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sangeeta Raman Jogi.
Background: To compare the efficacy of Drotaverine Hydrochloride and Valethamate Bromide in shortening of the first stage of Labor. Drotaverine is more effective in regards of shorten the 1st stage of labor, rate of cervical dilatation with less side effects in compare to Valethamate Bromide. Methods: Two Hundred demographically similes woman with full term pregnancy in active labour were included in the study and divided into two groups viz. First Group: 100 women were given injection Drotaverine Hydrochloride (Drotin) 40 mg intramuscularly at 3-4 cm dilation at two hour interval. Second Group: 100 women were given injection Valethamate Bromide Intramuscularly at 3-4 cm dilation at one hour interval. Maximum three injections were given in both the groups. Comparative analysis was carried out as regards to duration of various stages of labor, rate of cervical dilatation, mode of delivery, side effects and feto-maternal outcome. Results: In Group-I Average duration of active phase of first stage of labor was 149.78 minutes. In Primigravida it was 170.22 minutes and 129.35 minutes in Multigravida. In Group II Average duration of active phase of first stage of labor was 294.62 minutes. In Primigravida it was 321.71 minutes and 267.54 minutes in Multigravida. Average rate of cervical dilatation in Group-I was 2.81cm/hour. In Primigravida it was 2.50 cm/hour while in Multi gravid it was 3.33cm/hour. In Group-II average rate was 1.42 cm/hour, in Primigravida it was 1.30 cm/hour and in Multigravida1.57 cm/hour. Conclusions: Drotaverine significantly shorten the duration of first stage of labor and found to be safe with no adverse effect on the mother and fetus.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:14:17 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197122
Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in sexually active females in Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196718 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sangeeta Raman Jogi, Kavita Babbar.
Background: To know the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in sexually active females presenting with the complaints of Vaginal discharge to the outpatient department. BV also called as non-specific vaginitis, develops when the normally predominant peroxides producing lactobacillus species in the vagina are replaced by mixed predominantly anaerobic flora consisting of Gardinerella vaginalis, Mycoplasm hominis, Mobilunceus species, Bacteroids species, Prevotela Species, Peptostreptococcus Species, Fusobacterium Species and Porphyromonus Species. Methods: Three hundred females attending the OPD with the complaints of vaginal discharge were studied. Diagnosis of BV were made according to Amsle’s clinical criteria and Nugent's criteria for evaluating Gram stain vaginal smear. The results were compared with the data available from the previous studies. Results: Out of 300 patients 122 (40.66%) were suffering from BV. 90 (73.33%) patients were having pH between 5-6.9. Among pregnant women 9.83% found positive. IUCD users 19 (29.68%) are found suffering from BV. Out of 33 VDRL positive patients 19 (57.51%) were positive with BV. Conclusions: The prevalence of BV is on higher side of the available data. There is an association between IUCD use and occurrence of BV.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 09:10:28 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196718
Seroprevalence of typhus fever at the Kality Prison, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197987 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Biomedical Research and Therapy
Melat W/mariam, Baye Gelaw, Abate Assefa.
Background: Peoples living in crowded situations like refugee camps and prisons are highly vulnerable to louse-born typhus infection. The information on the prevalence of louse-borne typhus among prisoners in Ethiopia is limited. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of typhus among prisoners at the Kality Prison, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A five-year retrospective study was conducted from February to March 2014. A total of 6104 typhus fever suspected prisoners tested for typhus at the Kality Prison Hospital from 2008 to 2012 were included. Data on the seroprevalence of typhus were abstracted from Kality Prison Laboratory. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS 20 statistical software. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square were computed. In all cases p-values less than 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results: The overall prevalence of typhus fever infection was 26.3%. The prevalence of typhus fever infection was found to be higher among prisoners within the age group of 41- 50 years (36.9%) and also among male patients (27.3%). The prevalence of typhus fever infection was higher by the year 2009 (40.7%) and overall in the five-year period the summer (31.8%) and fall (30%) seasons showed higher seroprevalence of typhus. Conclusions: The prevalence of typhus fever infection at Kality prison was high. This high prevalence could be a possible risk for epidemic typhus fever infection within the prison and for the nearby population. Therefore, targeted public health intervention could be important in this high-risk population.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 08:49:04 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197987
Lateral transdeltoid approach to proximal humerus fractures http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196656 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Surgery Journal
Harpreet Singh, Ashish Batra, Dhaval Patel.
Background: The deltopectoral approach is the most commonly used approach for the reduction and fixation of proximal humerus fractures. But it provides inadequate access to the posteriorly displaced fragments in comminuted fractures and to the lateral surface where the plate is to be applied. These disadvantages can be obviated by a direct lateral transdeltoid approach. There have been concerns regarding postoperative axillary nerve palsy and deltoid dysfunction with this approach. This study had been conceptualized to assess the outcome of fixation of proximal humerus fractures with deltoid splitting lateral approach. Methods: A total of 20 patients with Neer’s type 2 and 3 fractures of proximal humerus were included in this study. Lateral transdeltoid approach was used for exposure, with either an extended incision or a “two window” less invasive incision, depending upon the fracture anatomy. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant Murley shoulder score. Results: The fracture was classified as Neer’s type 2 in 30% and type 3 in 70% of the cases. The mean Constant Murley score at final follow up was 78 (range 64-84). Graded according to the Constant shoulder score grading criteria, the results were excellent in 60%, good in 35% and fair in 5% of the cases. No case of postoperative axillary nerve palsy was encountered. Conclusions: The functional outcome was either excellent or good in 95% of the cases and no case of axillary nerve palsy was seen. Hence, Lateral transdeltoid approach is a convenient and useful approach to proximal humerus fractures.
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 08:40:00 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196656
Congenital Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (CTTP) in Nine years old boy with Six years delayed in diagnosis http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197971 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review
Fathi Afshin, Zarenoghabi Javad, Salehzadeh Farhad.
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (CTTP) is a rare disease due to mutations in genes that reduce the production of ADAMTS 13 (Metalloproteinease). Metalloproteinease deficiency causes large multimeres of Von Willebrand factor VWF not going to broken and result in anemia and thrombocytopenia (Microangiopatic hemolytic anemia) with renal involvement. The case is a 9 years old boy who suffers from anemia, thrombocytopenia since age three with some courses of hematuria, BUN and creatinine rising period. He had different diagnosis such as ITP (Immune thrombocytopenic purpura), Fanconi anemia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Evans syndrome and has been taken various immunosuppressive therapy and frequent blood transfusion. After 6 years following HUS like crisis and due to congenital deficiency of ADAMs13 and normal antibody against it he was diagnosed as a CTTP and treated with regular injections FFP .
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Fri, 31 Jul 2015 03:59:33 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197971
Biographical Lexicon of Medical Informatics http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197902 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Gjuro Dezelic.
Author: Prof Izet Masic, MD, PhD Publisher: AVICENA, d.o.o., Sarajevo, year 2015., 300 pages, hard cover. ISBN 978-9958-720-57-4; COBISS.BH-ID 21884422
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:25:34 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197902
13th International Conference on Informatics, Management and Technology in Healthcare, Athens, Greece, 9-11 July, 2015 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197901 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Izet Masic.

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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:24:23 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197901
International Joint Meeting EuroMISE 2015 Prague, Czech Republic, June 16-18, 2015 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197900 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Izet Masic.

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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:21:18 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197900
The Most Influential Scientists in the Development of the Medical Informatics (6): Shigekoto Kaihara http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197899 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Izet Masic.

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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:19:39 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197899
MRI Findings of Talocalcaneal Coalition: Two Case Reports http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197898 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Ayşe Umul.
Introduction: Tarsal coalition is abnormal fusion of two or more tarsal bones and is a common cause of foot pain. There are osseous, cartilaginous and fibrous subtypes. Calcaneonavicular and talocalcaneal coalitions are more frequent. Radiography is the primary diagnostic tool, however CT and MRI are precious examinations for differential diagnosis of osseous /non-osseous coalitions separations. Furthermore, cross-sectional imaging methods indicate the extension and secondary degenerative joint changes. Case reports: The detection of bone marrow of edema in the articulation area is valuable for diagnosis Hereby, we present two cases, 24 years old female and 35 years old male, with the diagnosis of talocalcaneal coaliation. We also discuss MRI and radiographic findings.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:17:18 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197898
Suggested Minimum Data Set for Speech Therapy Centers Affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197897 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Shahla Damanabi, Shawbo Abdolnejad, Gelavizh Karimi.
Background: The minimum data considered as a conceptual framework, based on the achievement of effectiveness indicators and it ensures to access of precise and clear health data. The aims of the present study were identified and proposed a data element set of speech therapy centers affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Material and Methods: This study that was cross – sectional type, performed in 9 speech therapy clinic from medical university in 2014. Firstly, the minimum data elements set evaluated using the check list in these centers. Using the findings from the first step and survey of internal and external documentation forms, designed a questionnaire containing a minimum data speech therapy files and it shared between 36 Speech therapy experts using 5 options of Likert scale. Validity of questionnaire was examined through its validity and reliability of content by retest. For data analysis, data processing was performed using descriptive statistics by SPSS21 software. Results: The minimum data set for speech therapy were divided into two categories: clinical and administrative data. The Name and surname, date of birth, gender, address, telephone number, date of admission and the number of treatments, the patient’s complaint, the time of occurrence of injury or disorder, reason and age of disease considered as the most important elements for management data and health history. For the most important elements of clinical information were selected Short-term and long-term aims and development of speech history .Conclusion: The design and implementation of suitable data collection of speech therapy for gathering of data, we recommended planning for the control and prevention of speech disorders to providing high quality and good care of patient in speech therapy centers.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:15:54 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197897
Distribution of ABO blood group among fertile and infertile males in central India: a pilot study http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190322 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Bheem Prasad, Adarsh Lalit, Naresh C Sharma.
Background: Blood is an important component of the human body that is responsible for complete human identity. The ABO and Rh groups are very useful for blood transfusion, organ transplantation, biomedical research, and anthropological study. The blood group incompatibility has been associated with some diseases. Objective: To examine the relationship between blood group and infertility in men and to know the frequency of different blood groups among infertile men who were referred from different infertility clinics and centers. Materials and Methods: A total number of 88 infertile men along with 88 fertile men as controls were evaluated using the antigen–antibody agglutination test. Result: The ABO blood group distribution among the infertile men was 40.90%, 29.54%, 19.31%, and 10.22% for blood groups O, A, B, and AB, respectively, and the prevalence of ABO blood group in fertile were 44.31%, 27.27%, 22.72%, and 05.68% for groups O, A, B, and AB, respectively. Conclusion: This preliminary study showed that the ABO blood group has no statistically significant association with male infertility.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:15:32 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190322
Hemodialysis Adequacy Monitoring Information System: Minimum Data Set and Capabilities Required http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197896 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Mohamad Jebraeily, Marjan Ghazisaeidi, Reza Safdari, Khadijeh Makhdoomi, Bahlol Rahimi.
Introduction: In dialysis centers both nephrologists and nurses are faced with the challenge of ensuring reliable and efficient care accordance with the clinical guideline. Hemodialysis adequacy monitoring information system therefore enable the automation of tasks, which ultimately allows doctors and nursing staff more time to dedicate to the individual treatment of patients. Development of the information systems in healthcare has made the use of the Minimum data set inevitable. The purpose of this study was determined MDS and capabilities required in hemodialysis adequacy monitoring information system. Method and materials: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted with participation of 320 nephrology specialists in 2015. Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire which was estimated as both reliable and valid. The data were analyzed by SPSS software descriptive statistics and analytical statistics. Results: Overall 42 data elements were determined as final set in 4 major categories (patient demographics, medical history, treatment plan and hemodialysis adequacy). The most capabilities required of hemodialysis information system were related to calculate of dialysis adequacy Index (4.80), advice optimal dose of dialysis for each patient (4.63), Easy access to information system without restrictions of time and place (4.61), providing alerts when dialysis adequacy index below the standard (4.55) and Interchange to other information systems in hospitals (4.46) respectively. Conclusion: In design and implementation of information systems focus on MDS and identification IS capabilities based on the users’ needs, due to the wide participation users and also the success of the information system. Therefore it is necessary that MDS evaluated carefully with regard to the intended uses of the data. Also information systems based on capabilities the ability to meet the needs of their users.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:13:30 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197896
Inhibition on JAK-STAT3 Signaling Transduction Cascade Is Taken by Bioactive Peptide Alpha-S2 Casein Protein from Goat Ethawah Breed Milk http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197895 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Rista Nikmatu Rohmah, Ferlany Hardiyanti, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah.
Background: RA is a systemic inflammatory disease that causes developing comorbidity conditions. This condition can cause by overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokine. In a previous study, we have found bioactive peptide CSN1S2 from Ethawah goat milk for anti-inflammatory for repair the ileum destruction. However, the signaling transduction cascade of bioactive peptides inhibits inflammation still not clear yet. Therefore, we analyzed the signaling transduction cascade via JAK-STAT3 pathway by in vivo and in silico. Methods: The ileum was isolated DNA and amplification with specific primer. The sequence was analyzed using the Sanger sequencing method. Modeling 3D-structure was predicted by SWISS-MODEL and virtual interaction was analyzed by docking system using Pymol and Discovery Studio 4.0 software. Results: This study showed that STAT3 has target gene 480bp. The normal group and normal treating- CSN1S2 of goat milk have similarity from gene bank. Whereas, RA group had transversion mutation that the purine change into pyrimidine even cause frameshift mutation. Interestingly, after treating with the CSN1S2 protein of goat milk shows reverse to the normal acid sequence group. Based on in silico study, from eight peptides, only three peptides of CSN1S2 protein, which carried by PePT1 to enter the small intestine. The fragments are PepT1-41-NMAIHPR-47; PepT1-182-KISQYYQK-189 and PepT1-214-TNAIPYVR-221. We have found just one bioactive peptide of f182-KISQYYQK-189 is able bind to STAT3. The energy binding of f182-KISQYYQK-189 and RA-STAT3 amino acid, it was Σ = -402.43 kJ/mol and the energy binding of f182-KISQYYQK-189 and RAS-STAT3 amino acid is decreasing into Σ = -407.09 kJ/mol. Conclusion: This study suggested that the fragment 182-KISQYYQK-189 peptides from Ethawah goat milk may act as an anti-inflammatory agent via JAK-STAT3 signal transduction cascade at the cellular level.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:12:19 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197895
Regulation by Phloroglucinol of Nrf2/Maf-Mediated Expression of Antioxidant Enzymes and Inhibition of Osteoclastogenesis via the RANKL/RANK Signaling Pathway: In Silico study http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197894 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Agus Hadian Rahim, Bambang Setiawan, Firli Rahmah Primula Dewi, Zairin Noor.
Introduction: Phloroglucinol is an antioxidant compound with many positive effects on health. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of phloroglucinol in osteoclastogenesis via the RANKL/RANK signaling pathway and the activity of the transcription factor Nrf2. Material and methods: Analysis was performed in silico using the primary method of docking by the use of Hex 8.0 software and Haddock web server. Analysis of interactions was then performed to determine interactions between the ligand and its receptors by using the software LigPlus and LigandScout 3.1. Results: Results indicated that phloroglucinol compound was thought to inhibit osteoclastogenesis via three mechanisms: inhibiting RANKL−RANK interaction, sustaining the RANKL−OPG bond, and increasing the activity of the transcription factor Nrf2.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:10:41 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197894
Electronic Health Record for Intensive Care based on Usual Windows Based Software http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197893 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Arnaud Reper, Pascal Reper.
Background and objectives: In Intensive Care Units, the amount of data to be processed for patients care, the turn over of the patients, the necessity for reliability and for review processes indicate the use of Patient Data Management Systems (PDMS) and electronic health records (EHR). To respond to the needs of an Intensive Care Unit and not to be locked with proprietary software, we developed an EHR based on usual software and components. Methods: The software was designed as a client–server architecture running on the Windows operating system and powered by the access data base system. The client software was developed using Visual Basic interface library. The application offers to the users the following functions: medical notes captures, observations and treatments, nursing charts with administration of medications, scoring systems for classification, and possibilities to encode medical activities for billing processes. Results: Since his deployment in September 2004, the EHR was used to care more than five thousands patients with the expected software reliability and facilitated data management and review processes. Communications with other medical software were not developed from the start, and are realized by the use of basic functionalities communication engine. Further upgrade of the system will include multi-platform support, use of typed language with static analysis, and configurable interface. Conclusion: The developed system based on usual software components was able to respond to the medical needs of the local ICU environment. The use of Windows for development allowed us to customize the software to the preexisting organization and contributed to the acceptability of the whole system.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:08:27 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197893
Developing an Intelligent System for Diagnosis of Asthma Based on Artificial Neural Network http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197892 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Behruz Alizade, Reza Safdari, Azadeh Bashiri.
Introduction: Lack of proper diagnosis and inadequate treatment of asthma, leads to physical and financial complications. This study aimed to use data mining techniques and creating a neural network intelligent system for diagnosis of asthma. Methods: The study population is the patients who had visited one of the Lung Clinics in Tehran. Data were analyzed using the SPSS statistical tool and the chi-square Pearson’s coefficient was the basis of decision making for data ranking. The considered neural network is trained using back propagation learning technique. Results: According to the analysis performed by means of SPSS to select the top factors, 13 effective factors were selected, in different performances, data was mixed in various forms, so the different modes was made for training the data and testing networks and in all different modes, the network was able to predict correctly 100% of all cases. Conclusion: Using data mining methods before the design structure of system, aimed to reduce the data dimension and the optimum choice of the data, will lead to a more accurate system. So considering the data mining approaches due to the nature of medical data is necessary.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:07:04 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197892
The Webometric Status of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197891 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Behjat Taheri, Roghayeh Ghazavi, Arash Zahed, Zahra Otroj, Elahe Mazaheri, Nayere-Sadat Soleimanzade-Najafi.
Background: Webometrics refers to the quantitative study of science production, application, structure and technology in the cyber environment. Impact analysis, website collaboration, and recognition of core websites are regarded as the most practical advantages of webometrics. Furthermore, webometrics is applied in ranking studies for universities and academic institutes. This serves as an internationally approved means of academic ranking worldwide. Our study aimed to evaluate the webometric status of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) and its place in the Webometric Ranking of World Universities. We also tried to comment on how to improve the university’s webometric rank at national, regional, and international levels. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study including all websites of Iranian universities. Census sampling was applied to cover all Iranian university websites. Then the websites were evaluated according to the latest criteria for the international webometric ranking methodology (Cyberometric Lab, July 2012) and their webometric rank at the international level as well as the changes in the rank between July 2012 and January 2013 were analyzed. The webometric rank of IUMS was compared with other medical universities at different levels as well. Findings: According to the findings, from July 2012 to January 2013, IUMS webometric rank improved by 707, 5 and 2 at international, national and ministerial levels, respectively. Moreover, the rank of IUMS for openness rose from 4477 to 193 during the mentioned period (∆ 4284). In excellence, the university rank did not change sensibly (1537 /1538). In the same period, the rank in presence shifted from 1137 to 1091. Meanwhile, growth in website impact was negative as the university impact rank declined from 3369 to 3393. Conclusion: It seems that impact as the most influential ranking indicator fails to grow proportionately as other factors of IUMS website. This is potentially due to the content language (Farsi) which is an important barrier to easy retrieval of information by non-Farsi speakers. However, the scientific content and SEO (Search Engine Optimization) standards of the website need serious improvement.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:01:38 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197891
A Map for Clinical Laboratories Management Indicators in the Intelligent Dashboard http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197890 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Zahra Azadmanjir, Mashallah Torabi, Reza Safdari, Maryam Bayat, Fatemeh Golmahi.
Introduction: management challenges of clinical laboratories are more complicated for educational hospital clinical laboratories. Managers can use tools of business intelligence (BI), such as information dashboards that provide the possibility of intelligent decision-making and problem solving about increasing income, reducing spending, utilization management and even improving quality. Critical phase of dashboard design is setting indicators and modeling causal relations between them. The paper describes the process of creating a map for laboratory dashboard. Methods: the study is one part of an action research that begins from 2012 by innovation initiative for implementing laboratory intelligent dashboard. Laboratories management problems were determined in educational hospitals by the brainstorming sessions. Then, with regard to the problems key performance indicators (KPIs) specified. Results: the map of indicators designed in form of three layered. They have a causal relationship so that issues measured in the subsequent layers affect issues measured in the prime layers. Conclusion: the proposed indicator map can be the base of performance monitoring. However, these indicators can be modified to improve during iterations of dashboard designing process.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:00:06 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197890
Scientific Production of Medical Universities in the West of Iran: a Scientometric Analysis http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197889 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Masoud Rasolabadi, Shahnaz Khaledi, Fariba Khayati, Marya Maryam Kalhor, Susan Penjvini, Alireza Gharib.
Introduction: This study aimed to compare scientific production by providing quantitative evaluation of science output in five Western Iranian Medical Universities including Hamedan, Ilam, Kermanshah, Kurdistan and Lorestan University of Medical Sciences using scientometrics indicators based on data indexed in Scopus for period between the years 2010 to 2014. Methods: In this scientometric study data were collected using Scopus database. Both searching and analyzing features of Scopus were used to data retrieval and analysis. We used Scientometrics indicators including number of publications, number of citations, nationalization index (NI), Internationalization Index (INI), H-index, average number of citations per paper, and growth index. Results: Five Western Iranian Universities produced over 3011 articles from 2010 to 2014. These articles were cited 7158 times with an average rate of 4.2 citations per article. H- Index of under study universities are varying from 14 to 30. Ilam University of Medical Sciences had the highest international collaboration with an INI of 0.33 compared to Hamedan and Kermanshah universities with INI of 0.20 and 0.16 respectively. The lowest international collaboration belonged to Lorestan University of Medical Sciences (0.07). The highest Growth Index belonged to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences (69.7). Conclusion: Although scientific production of five Western Iranian Medical Universities was increasing, but this trend was not stable. To achieve better performance it is recommended that five Western Iranian Universities stabilize their budgeting and investment policies in research.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 06:58:56 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197889
Family Medicine Education with Virtual Patients: a Qualitative Study http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197888 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Monika Sobocan, Zalika Klemenc-Ketis.
Objectives: Virtual patients (VP) have been present within the medical education process for some time. Although they are assumed to be of great benefit for student learning, very little is know about student perception and outcomes of learning, especially during the pre-clerkship years. Therefore we have decided to investigate the use of VPs during lectures, which has never been analyzed before, but could present an opportunity for more effective and holistic learning. Methods: This was a qualitative study among the 4th year undergraduate medical students at the Medical Faculty, University of Maribor, Slovenia. Students, after completing 4 virtual patient cases during the semester, were asked to participate in focus groups. Using these focus groups we asked students to provide information about their perceptions of VP cases, their learning, and suggestions for educational improvements. Data was transcribed and analyzed using the grounded theory-based coding method (open coding). Results: Medical students reported having a positive attitude towards virtual patient learning. They perceived them as helpful for filling in knowledge gaps, learning appropriate patient care and clinical reasoning. However, especially within the setting of early clinical learning, students felt the need to discuss their questions with their tutors in order to achieve better learning outcomes. Conclusion: Students on teaching courses feel the need for structured instructor sessions and the integration of VPs in the course planning in order to maximize their learning outcomes.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 06:57:10 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197888
An institution-based observational study to identify sensitive histopathological parameters in leprosy http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196974 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Amit S Mistry, Santoshdev P Rathod, Pooja Agarwal.
Background: Spectral concept of leprosy has evolved from the histopathology of leprosy skin lesions. Objective: To identify sensitive histopathological markers of leprosy, to enhance the specificity of clinical diagnosis of leprosy, and to continue research and training in leprosy in postelimination era. Material and Methods: This study was carried out in a state government referral center for leprosy from April 2009 to March 2010. Paraffin sections of biopsies were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Ziehl–Neelsen, and Fite stains, examined, and classified histopathologically according to Ridley–Jopling scale. All new cases of leprosy diagnosed based on presence of at least two of the three cardinal features of leprosy were included. Released from treatment cases, partially treated cases, and those with lepra reactions were not included in this study. Result: Fifty-nine skin biopsies of newly diagnosed untreated leprosy cases over a period of 1 year were included. Of the total 59 patients, the distribution of various types of leprosy is as follows: polar tuberculoid (TTp) leprosy, 18.33% (n = 11); borderline tuberculoid (BT) leprosy, 28.33% (n = 17); mid-borderline leprosy, 6.66% (n = 4); borderline lepromatous (BL) leprosy, 30% (n = 18); polar lepromatous leprosy, 5%( n = 3); histoid leprosy, 5% (n = 3); indeterminate leprosy, 5% (n = 3). Of the 11 patients with TTp leprosy, 81.8% (n = 9) showed mature epithelioid cell granuloma; of the 17 patients with BT leprosy, 94.11% (n = 16) showed immature epithelioid cell granuloma. Of the 18 patients with BL leprosy, 83.33% (n = 16) showed macrophage granuloma. Of the 28 patients on tuberculoid pole, 82.16% (n = 23) showed lymphocyte predominant infiltrate. Of the 32 patients on lepromatous pole, 84.37% showed macrophage predominant infiltrate. Wide Fite staining was positive in 14.28% (n = 4) on tuberculoid pole and in 87.5% (n = 28) on lepromatous pole. Conclusion: Histopathology remains the only practical and viable tool for diagnosis of specific subtype of leprosy. Mature epithelioid granuloma is the most sensitive indicator for tuberculoid leprosy, and grenz zone is the most sensitive indicator of BL leprosy. Diffuse infiltration of the dermis except for narrow subepidermal zone is the most sensitive indicator of lepromatous leprosy.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 06:55:31 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=196974
Those Responsible for Approving Research Studies Have Poor Knowledge of Research Study Design: a Knowledge Assessment of Institutional Review Board Members http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197887 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Acta Informatica Medica
Rahul Mhaskar, Elizabeth Barnett Pathak, Sarah Wieten, Thomas M. Guterbock, Ambuj Kumar, Benjamin Djulbegovic.
Background: Institutional Review Board (IRB) members have a duty to protect the integrity of the research process, but little is known about their basic knowledge of clinical research study designs. Methods: A nationwide sample of IRB members from major US research universities completed a web-based questionnaire consisting of 11 questions focusing on basic knowledge about clinical research study designs. It included questions about randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and other observational research study designs. Potential predictors (age, gender, educational attainment, type of IRB, current IRB membership, years of IRB service, clinical research experience, and self-identification as a scientist) of incorrect answers were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression models. Results: 148 individuals from 36 universities participated. The majority of participants, 68.9% (102/148), were holding a medical or doctoral degree. Overall, only 26.5% (39/148) of participants achieved a perfect score of 11. On the six-question subset addressing RCTs, 46.6% (69/148) had a perfect score. Most individual questions, and the summary model of overall quiz score (perfect vs. not perfect), revealed no significant predictors – indicating that knowledge deficits were not limited to specific subgroups of IRB members. For the RCT knowledge score there was one significant predictor: compared with MDs, IRB members without a doctoral degree were three times as likely to answer at least one RCT question incorrectly (Odds Ratio: 3.00, 95% CI 1.10-8.20). However, even among MD IRB members, 34.1% (14/41) did not achieve a perfect score on the six RCT questions. Conclusions: This first nationwide study of IRB member knowledge about clinical research study designs found significant knowledge deficits. Knowledge deficits were not limited to laypersons or community advocate members of IRBs, as previously suggested. Akin to widespread ethical training requirements for clinical researchers, IRB members should undergo systematic training on clinical research designs.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 06:53:12 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197887
Test-retest reliability and practice effects of the Turkish version of Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in healthy persons http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=168621 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: Bulletin of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Ismail Safaz, Murat Kurt, Gonul Cakir, Evren Yasar, Ridvan Alaca.
Objective: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a widely used screening instrument in neuropsychological assessment. The present study aims to assess the reliability and practice effects of the Turkish version of the RBANS Form A in healthy persons. Methods: Data from 95 healthy volunteers (actively working and living in Ankara) were obtained. The subjects (48 M, 47 F) were between 20 and 49 years of age. The educational background of the subjects is characterized as follows: 33 subjects graduated from primary school (5-8 years), 33 from high school (9-11 years), and 29 from university (12+ years).Time period between test and retest ranged from 28 to 43 days. For the inter-rater reliability coefficient, 2 trained scorers blindly scored 51 random standardization samples for figure copy/recall subtests. Test-retest stability coefficients were assessed by Pearson correlation coefficient. Practice effect was assessed by paired t test and effect sizes. For internal consistency, Cronbach’s α was calculated. Results: The test-retest coefficients ranged from 0.59 to 0.88 for the indices and from 0.45 to 0.93 for the subtests. Figure copy (p=0.90), picture naming (p=0.56), semantic fluency (p=0.36) subtests and visuospatial/ constructional (p=0.42), language indices (p=0.19), and mean differences in change scores were minimal. For the other subtests and index scores, the differences between the tests were significant (p0.10). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the RBANS was 0.86. The figure copy and figure recall subtests’ inter-rater reliability coefficients were 0.83 and 0.84, respectively (both p
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 04:38:53 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=168621
Osteosarcoma of long bone metastatic to the pancreas-an unusual site of metastasis- A case report http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197876 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review
Dr. Santosh Kumar Singh, Col (Dr.) Narayanan Kannan, Brig (Dr) Rajnish Talwar, Col (Dr) Arvind Kumar Tyagi, Dr Adarsh Kumar.
Background: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents and possesses a high potential for metastasis. The most common sites of metastases are the lungs, pleurae, and bone. Unusual sites of metastasis that have been reported include pericardium, kidney, adrenal glands, brain, breast, liver, peritoneum, muscle, subcutaneous tissue, non-regional lymph nodes, heart, dura, diaphragm, stomach, duodenum, and pancreas. Pancreatic metastasis is exceptionally unusual. Case Summary: We have reported a case of pancreatic metastasis from osteosarcoma right radius in a 19 years old girl. She was diagnosed to have osteosarcoma of lower end of right radius, treated with chemotherapy followed by diaphyseal resection of radius with centralization of ulna and wrist arthrodesis. After about one and half year of disease free period, she developed pulmonary metastases & underwent bilateral pulmonary metastasectomy followed by chemotherapy. She remained disease free for three years when she presented with features of obstructive jaundice. CECT abdomen and chest showed an ill-marginated poorly enhancing hypodense mass lesion of size 3.5cm in the head of pancreas with essentially normal chest scans. USG & EUS guided FNAC were inconclusive. EUS showed hypoechoic mass lesion in the head of pancreas infiltrating portal vein-SMV-splenic vein confluence. In view of indefinite tissue diagnosis and radiologically resectable pancreatic lesion, exploratory laparotomy was done which showed a hard lobulated mass in head & neck of pancreas completely encasing SMA and MCA making it unresectable. Incisional biopsy showed metastasis of high grade spindle cell sarcoma: Osteosarcoma. Conclusion: Although extremely rare, osteosarcoma metastasis should be included in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic mass lesions, particularly in patients with a primary tumor.
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Thu, 30 Jul 2015 04:14:04 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=197876
Variation and association of body mass index with myocardial oxygen consumption: A gender based study in young population http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191285 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Suchitra B Parkhad-Palve, Sachin B Palve.
Background: Regular exercise improves health and prevents many diseases. Exercise testing can be used as a diagnostic tool to unmask subclinical conditions such as coronary artery diseases and also monitor the effectiveness of therapeutic measures. Rate pressure product is a measure of stress put on cardiac muscle based on heart rate and systolic blood pressure. Numerous studies attempting to explain gender differences in cardiovascular response to isometric exercise are inconsistent at best and conflicting. Aims and Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if the cardiovascular responses to dynamic exercises differ between healthy normotensive men and women students depending on their BMI ratio. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of young individuals (127 men and 123 women) of age group 18–20 years studying in first-year MBBS. Depending on their anthropometric measurements, classification was done as, normal, overweight, and obese groups based on WHO recommendations. Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded before, immediately after cessation of exercise, after 3 min, and after 5 min of recovery. MVo2 was measured by the rate pressure product (RPP) calculated as product of heart rate and systolic blood pressure. Result: Postexercise HR, SBP, DBP, and RPP were significantly greater in men than women. Highly significant increase in postexercise HR, SBP, DBP and RPP was observed in men compared to women. Conclusion: Men undergo significant changes in cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, or increase in level of circulating catecholamines mainly epinephrine with many possible explanations.
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Wed, 29 Jul 2015 22:29:31 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191285
An approach toward wireless brain–computer interface system using EEG signals: A review http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190449 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Jenita Amali Rani B, Umamakeswari A, Sree Madhubala J.
The wireless brain–computer interface (BCI) system can become as powerful aids for people with disability (PWD), especially to help them move independently. The BCI system captures the user’s brain activity and classifies into a signal to which a robot or a computer device can respond. In this article, a review of various electrodes for capturing the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, key techniques, and their applications of wireless BCI headset along with future development issues proposed by many researchers have been discussed. The central idea is a study on the brain rhythm related to the user’smovements for the control of mobile robots, humanoids, and robotic wheelchair. The BCI system is capable of improving and enriching the lives of PWD and people with neuromuscular disorder and bringing back the quality of free movement for PWD.
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Wed, 29 Jul 2015 22:29:04 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=190449
COMPARATIVE EFFECT OF THERAPEUTIC ULTRASOUND USING EXTRACT OF ILEX PARAGUARIENSIS AND DICLOFENAC SODIUM GEL IN ACUTE TRAPEZITIS: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL. http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191906 2015-07-31T12-24-33Z
Source: International Journal of Therapies and Rehabilitation Research
Santosh Metgud, Ramya Harini Kapila.
ABSTRACT: Objective: Neck pain is commonly seen in back of neck and between the bases of neck to shoulder mainly indicates the involvement of upper trapezius muscle. About two third of people will experience neck pain at some point in their lives. It is important to identify the most effective therapeutic modality in the management of Acute Trapezitis. Thus the objective of the present study was to compare the effect of Ilex paraguariensis commonly known as Biofreeze gel by using Therapeutic Ultrasound and Diclofenac sodium gel using Therapeutic Ultrasound and find out which is more effective in the treatment of Acute Trapezitis. Study Design: A Randomized clinical trial. Outcome Measure: Visual analog scale (VAS),Neck disability index (NDI) and Universal Goniometer. Materials & Method: 30 Subjects clinically diagnosed with Acute Trapezitis were randomly assigned into two groups. Group A received Phonophoresis using Biofreeze gel and Group B received Phonophoresis using Diclofenac sodium gel along with exercises once daily for a total of 5 sessions. Results: Results for VAS scores suggested that both the groups showed improvement and were statistically significant with p-value 0.0006 and 0.0007 respectively, when compared in between groups, Group A had better outcome in relation to Group B. The pre and post-interventional mean and S.D. values of NDI scores of A and B groups also showed statistical significant difference when on comparing within and between groups with a p-value 0.0329. The results for Cervical range of motion suggested that there was no much significant difference in between group analysis, but have showed that group B had better improvement than group A with p-value 0.8316. Conclusion: The study concluded that both Biofreeze gel and diclofenac sodium gel are equally effective in Acute Trapezitis, but when compared for the better outcome, Biofreeze gel was proved to be more effective than Diclofenal sodium gel.
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Wed, 29 Jul 2015 13:43:37 GMT -08:00 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=191906