Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a significant public health problem and it is associated with enormous costs to society and disability. Kinesio Taping (KT) is widely used in patients with LBP with different techniques of application.
Objective of Study: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different techniques of KT on pain, disability and muscle endurance in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP.
Methodology: Forty five patients with chronic nonspecific LBP were randomly assigned into three equal groups. Group A received the conventional physical therapy program only, group B received the conventional physical therapy program plus the "H pattern technique" KT while group C received the conventional physical therapy program plus the "Star-pattern technique" KT. Pain was evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), disability was evaluated by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) while muscle endurance was evaluated by Sorensen test. All measurements were recorded at baseline and after four weeks intervention.
Results: One-way ANOVA revealed that there was a significant difference (P < 0.05) among the three groups following four weeks of treatment. Post-hoc test showed greater significant improvement (P < 0.05) in the measured outcomes for group B in comparison to the other groups.
Conclusion: Adding KT to the conventional physical therapy treatment of chronic nonspecific LBP significantly reduced pain, disability and improved isometric endurance of the trunk muscles than conventional physical therapy treatment alone.
Kinesio taping;Pain;Disability;Low back pain