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Traditional Feeding System for Pigs in Northeast India

Avijit Haldar; Dhrubajyoti Das; Ashok Santra; Prasenjit Pal; Saptak Dey; Anup Das; Dipjyoti Rajkhowa; S. Hazarika; M. Datta.

Smallholder pig farming is an important livelihood resource for the tribal people in Northeast India. The system of pig rearing is unique and traditional. Based on the traditional knowledge and resource availability, the farmers have evolved a feeding system for the pigs. The present study aimed to explore the traditional feeding system for pigs in Tripura, a state of Northeast India. The chemical compositions of local feed resources were done. All the feed items contained more than 85% organic matter. The main diet containing rice bran mixed with locally made rice bear waste (choak) had 11.3% crude protein. An on farm trial was conducted on eighteen healthy Hampshire crossbred female piglets at the age of 2 months old and the piglets were divided in three dietary groups to investigate the growth performances of pigs fed diet containing varying proportions of the traditionally made rice bear waste. Feeding of traditionally made rice bear waste upto 25% of total dry matter increased (P

Key words: South East Asia;Northeast India;Smallholder Pig Farms;Traditional Feeding System;Tripura

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