Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Article

Nutritional Indices and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in HIV Infection in Southern Nigeria

Augusta Chinyere Nsonwu-Anyanwu; Edmund Richard Egbe; Chidozie Elochukwu Agu; Sunday Jeremiah Offor; Chinyere Adanna Opara Usoro; Isaac Asuquo Essien; Clementina Arit Okon.

Introduction: Viral load and specific drug related toxicities have been implicated in nutritional and metabolic disturbances in HIV infection. This study evaluated some micro, macro nutrients and cardiovascular risk factors in HIV infection with or without highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Materials and Methods: Ninety subjects (18-65 years) comprising of 30 sero-positive HIV on HAART, 30 sero-positive HAART naïve and 30 HIV sero-negative subjects were recruited into the study. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total proteins (TP), albumin, vitamin C, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were estimated using colorimetric methods, zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, CD4+ T cell count by flow cytometry while body mass index (BMI), globulin, atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), albumin/globulin ratio (A/G), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were calculated. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, LSD post hoc at p< 0.05.
Results: HIV sero-negative subjects had higher BMI, CD4-T cell count, albumin, vitamin C, Zn, LDL-C, A/G ratio and lower FPG, globulin, Cu compared to HAART naïve; and higher BMI, CD4+T cell count, albumin, vitamin C, Zn with lower FPG, globulin, Cu, TG, and VLDLC compared to HIV on HAART respectively (p

Key words: HAART;HIV;lipid profile;micronutrients;proteins

Share this Article

Journal of Complementary Medicine Research


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons