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Effects of Balsam Apple (Momordica balsamina) Leaf Extract on Blood Glucose Level and the Haematological Parameters of Japaneese Quails

Abdurrahman Hassan Jibril; Usman Musa; Bashir Saidu; Abubakar Bolaji Ajape; Ibrahim Hassan Maina; Akib Adekunle Jimoh; Aminatu Sani; Yahya Yabo Abubakar; Abdullahi Ishaq Jaafar.

Abstract
This experiment was conducted to assess the effect of Balsam leaf crude extract on blood glucose level and the haematological parameters of Japanese quails. Fourty eight (48) specific pathogen free quails were divided into four (4) categories which include control, groups A, B and C. Control group received no treatment of the crude extract; the groups received 5g, 10g and 15g respectively. Data were subjected to ANOVA to compare means between groups. After the administration of the extract, there was statistically significant (p< 0.05) marked decrease in the blood glucose level, coupled with increase in the leucocytes and erythrocytes counts in a dose and time dependent manner. This indicated that, the plant possess hypoglycemic and haematinic effect which makes it a possible anti-diabetic and haematinic agent of choice. Balsam apple could be used as substitute in the treatment of diabetes

Key words: Balsam Apple;Hypoglycemia;Haematinic;Quails;Erythrocyte;Leucocytes



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