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Knowledge of combined oral contraceptives among young females in Riyadh

Thamer Alsulaiman; Meshail Alamer; Ghadah Alrajeh; Qamar Khojah; Shorouq Alrumaihi; Ohoud Almutairi.

Abstract
Background: Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are a common and effective method of contraception. Good knowledge of COCs use can improve their efficacy as well as reduce chances of associated risks and side effects.

Objectives: To assess knowledge on COCs use among young females in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study in the form of online survey was conducted in Riyadh city. A structured self-administrated questionnaire was electronically disseminated; utilizing social media, among young females aged 18-40 living in Riyadh. Demographic data as well as responses to the questionnaire assessing five domains (type, risk, side effects, contraindications, and use of COCs) were collected and then analyzed.

Results: A total of 426 females living in Riyadh completed our survey during the month of September 2016. Of those, 67.1% were aged between 18 and 30 years old, 64% were married, 81.46% of them had a university degree, and 60% were current or previous users of contraceptive pills. Our sample scored well below average for all of the five domains in the questionnaire, and poor knowledge level was noted across all domains of the questionnaire.

Conclusion: This survey clearly indicated a poor level of knowledge on COCs among young females in Riyadh.

Key words: Oral Contraceptives;Knowledge;Young Females;Riyadh



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