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Morphometric Characteristics of Udder and Teats in Crossbred Cows

Yogeshkumar Gulabbhai Patel; Manojkumar Motibhai Trivedi.

Abstract
The crossbred cows (n=200) from 13 different dairy farms located in Anand district of Gujarat State were utilize for this study. In crossbred cows, the frequencies of trough (bowl), round, goaty and pendulous shaped udder were 56.5 %, 19.5 %, 7.5 % and 16.5 %, respectively. Similarly, the frequencies of cylindrical, funnel, bottle and pear shaped teats were 24.75 %, 48.63 %, 22.13 % and 4.5 %, respectively. The mean udder length, width and depth ranged from 50.87 ± 2.57 cm in goaty udders to 64.86 ± 1.89 cm in pendulous udders, 57.94 ± 2.31 cm in goaty udders to 73.02 ± 2.05 cm in pendulous udders and 20.43 ± 0.92 cm in goaty udders to 27.18 ± 1.01 cm in pendulous udders, respectively. The mean teat length ranged from 5.21 ± 0.27 cm in pear shaped teat to 5.96 ± 0.12 cm in bottle shaped teat. The mean teat diameter ranged from 2.04 ± 0.08 cm in pear shaped teat to 2.86 ± 0.06 cm in bottle shaped teat.

Key words: udder;teat;crossbred cows;length;width;depth



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