INTRODUCTION: Reflexology, a special pressure technique and an energy balancing system, has beneficial effects on the regulation of blood circulation, gastrointestinal problems, hypertension etc. In this literature review, it was aimed to investigate studies conducted in Turkey on reflexology, one of the Complementary and Integrative Care applications. The studies were reviewed in terms of the type, sample and subject of the research, and characteristics of researchers.
MATERIALS-METHODS: The study included thesis studies and research on the reflexology treatments performed between 2000 and 2016 in Turkey. The study data were obtained from databases covering the fields of medicine and nursing (PubMed, Ulakbim etc.) and thesis. The sample of the study included 22 studies conducted between 2000 and 2016 in Turkey.
RESULTS: While 95.4% (n:21) of the studies were experimental, 4.6% (n:1) was semi-experimental. Of the studies, 86.4% (n:19) were conducted by academician nurses, 9.1% (n:2) by physiotherapists and 4.5% (n:1) by midwives. Of the studies performed by the academician nurses, 36.8% (n:7) were conducted in the Internal Medicine Nursing, 36.8% (n:7) in the Gynecology and Obstetrics Nursing, 15.8% (n:3) in the Fundamentals of Nursing and 5.3% (n:1) in the Pediatric Nursing and 5.3% (n:1) in the Mental Health and Phychiatric Nursing Department.
DISCUSSION: The review of the studies regarding of reflexology revealed that these studies were mainly used for pain control, constipation, management of symptoms such as fatigue and anxiety, and improvement of the quality of life. Application of reflexology is increasing day by day since it has positive effects on the body systems, and it is an easy and cheap method. Therefore, it is recommended that nurses should learn by professional persons and have certificate and implement therapies such as reflexology which has multi-dimensional benefits, and they should review evidence-based studies and include it in the nursing care.
Reflexology;Nursing;Complementary and integrative therapy