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Journal Article

. 2016; 1(1): 27-30


Children with mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis: a case series

Şule Çağlayan Sözmen; Özden Anal; Suna Asilsoy; Sakine Işık; Yasemin Çakır; Erdener Özer; Cenk Ecevit; Handan Güleryüz; Nevin Uzuner; Özkan Karaman; Nuran Esen.

Abstract
Introduction: Lymphadenopathy is a common clinical problem in pediatric age group. Tuberculous lymphadenopathy is a prominent cause of peripheral adenopathy amongst children in the developing countries. Tuberculous lymphadenitis is among the most frequent presentations of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. In this article, we presented five pediatric cases with mycobacterial infection detected in cervical lymph nodes.Case Presentation: First case admitted with a painless swelling in cervical and axillar regions and pathologic examination of the extirpated lymph node showed necrotizing granulomatous lymphadenitis. Second case presented with two months history of abdominal pain and painless swelling of right cervical region and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) was grown in culture from the lymph node. Third case admitted with a painless cervical mass, her sputum was found positive for MTB. Fourth case was admitted with one year history of swelling that became fistulized in 6 months and lymph node culture was found positive for MTB. Fifth case, admitted with a painful swelling in left upper gingival mucosa and extirpated lymph node showed chronic granulomatous inflammation.Conclusion: Pathological and microbiological examination of tissues such as cervical enlarged lymph nodes should be evaluated for diagnosis of tuberculous infections.



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