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Importance of Behavioral Aspects and Its Implications on Physiological Status, Relationships and Production of Dairy Animals

Deepandita Barman; Kotresh Prasad C; Mahanthesh M T; Girish Panchbhai; Sanjay Choudhary; Megha Panwar.

Abstract
In the milk producing industry, most of the behavioural aspects of mother-offspring bond, relationships with the stockperson, impact of shifting of cows during lactation stage are discouraged although milk production is sustained with the demand but the behaviour of animals has been shown to play a central role indicating the low production rate and welfare issues from the point of feeding to formation of bond with its calf as well as stockperson. Dairy animals are highly socialized animals to engage in many complex interactions to communicate for dominance, subordination and bonding within the group to form linear social hierarchical structure in a herd. Feeding behavior is influenced by feed bunk, position of body; age/stage of animals, feeding interval and displacement of feed by high and low rank animals which has significant effect on DMI and milk production. Temperament is one of the important factors of milking behaviour in dairy animals which affects the milk yield of a herd. Sudden or excessive shifting of animals between groups or herds significantly lowers the production rate in a herd by increasing the physiological biomarkers. Good maternal behaviour is the key feature of production system which enhances the suckling instinct, fastened let down time of milk; maintain the lactation yield through lowering the stress and strong maternal-offspring bond. The stockperson’s attitudes always have an effect on the welfare of the animals by improving the handling and positive attitudes. Comfort around resting for welfare of animals can be achieved by monitoring the animal’s behaviour in all aspects of rearing system and management to get the profitable and sustainable livestock production.

Key words: Behaviour;Dairy Animals;Milk Yield;Temperament;Lactation



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