Aim: Perianal Fistula is the chronic stage of anorectal infection and is characterized by intermittent pain associated with purulent drainage or abscess formation followed by spontaneous abscess drainage.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the recurrence rates according to the type of surgery performed for patients who underwent surgery for perianal fistula.
Material and Methods: The records of 201 patients who underwent surgery in our hospital between the dates of January 2015 and May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. In addition to the demographic information of the patients included in the study, their complaints, localization of the fistula, type of surgery performed, length of stay in the hospital, postoperative complications, and imaging methods were recorded. Loose or incisional seton stitch, fistulotomy and fistulectomy were performed according to the localization and the type of fistula. The seton stitch method was applied to complex fistulas, and the fistulotomy and fistulectomy methods were applied to simple fistulas.
Results: Of the patients included in the study, 178 (88.5%) were males and 23 (11.5%) were females. Their mean age was 41.65 (27-77) years. Of the patients, 136 (67.7%) had complex and 65 (32.3%) had simple fistulas. The fistulas were intersphincteric in 90 (44,8%) patients, transsphincteric in 51 (25.4%) patients, suprasphincteric in 33 (16.4%) patients, and extrasphincteric in 27 (13.4%) patients.
Conclusion: The complications and recurrence rates were found to be low postoperatively in all types of surgical procedures performed in our clinic. No statistically significant difference was found between the type of surgery and the recurrence rate.