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Prevalence of Hepatic Jaundice in Indigenous Cattle in Marathwada Region of Maharashtra

Hidayat Ayyubmia Shaikh; Anil Udhavrao Bhikane; Ravindra Kaka Jadhav; Anand Mohan.

Abstract
The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hepatic jaundice in indigenous cattle of Marathwada region of Maharashtra state. On screening of 1325 clinical cases of cattle, 51 were confirmed clinically and biochemically positive for hepatic jaundice with an overall hospital prevalence of 3.84 %. Higher prevalence of hepatic jaundice was observed in cattle less than 4 years (5.70%) followed by more than 8 year old (2.84%) and least in 5-8 year (1.79) old cattle. The breed-wise highest prevalence of 9.71% was recorded in Red Kandhari followed by non-descript (2%) and least in Deoni (1.47%). Sex specific prevalence showed occurrence of hepatic jaundice in male cattle only. Month-wise maximum prevalence was noted during July (11.93%) followed by October (7.63), November (4.87%), August (3.59%) and September (3.13%). Highest prevalence was observed during monsoon and (6.08%) post monsoon (6.5%) season with no case during summer and winter season.

Key words: Hepatic Jaundice;Lantana camara;Indigenous Cattle;Red-Kandhari;Photosensitization



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