Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research

Fundam Appl Agric. 2019; 4(2): 839-848


Herbicidal weed control in drill sown spring wheat under Bangladesh condition

Sharif Ahmed ; Md. Jahangir Alam; Tahir Hussain Awan; A K M Mominul Islam.

Abstract
Weeds are considered as one of the major factors responsible for current low wheat yield in Bangladesh. Although chemical weed control is well established in many wheat growing countries, in Bangladesh, the herbicides are typically not used by farmers to manage weeds in wheat. Hence, to evaluate the efficacy of pre- and post-emergence herbicides in mechanized drilled sown wheat, a two-year field study was conducted in southwest Bangladesh. The study evaluated the performance of four pre-emergence herbicides (oxadiargyl 80g, pendimethalin 850 g, pyrazosulfuron 15 g, and mefenacet + bensulfuran methyl 550 g a.i. ha-1) applied at 2 days after sowing (DAS) and four post-emergence herbicides (2,4-D 1400 g, ethoxysulfuron18 g, penoxsulam22.5 g, and fenoxaprop 56 g a.i. ha-1) applied at 20 DAS, on weed control efficacy. A season long weed-free and a season long weedy plots were also maintained to compare the results. The weed control option using a single pre- or post-emergence herbicide was not adequate to control weed effectively when weed infestation was relatively higher. The best yield provided by pre-emergence (pendimethalin and oxadiargyl) and post-emergence (2,4-D and ethoxysulfuron) herbicide treatments were respectively 13-15% and 12-17% lower than the yield (4.1-4.2 t ha-1) of weed-free treatment. Post-emergence herbicides fenoxaprop was the best in controlling weeds; however, due to phytotoxic effects on wheat plants, the plots applied with fenoxaprop produced very low yield (2.6-2.8 t ha-1). Similarly, even after good weed control by the post-emergence application of penoxsulam, phytotoxicity on wheat resulting in low yield. The study suggested that the best weed control option for wheat is to use a pre-emergence (pendimethalin or oxadiargyl) followed by (fb) a post-emergence (2,4-D or ethoxysulfuron) herbicides depending upon weed species which would benefit the farmers by providing high weed control efficacy at lower cost compared to manual weeding.

Key words: Weed shift;weed control efficiency;pre-emergence;post-emergence;herbicide toxicity;conservation agriculture;yield gap



Share this Article


Advertisement
American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons