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J Contemp Med. 2012; 2(3): 195-200


PERIPHERAL BLOCK ANESTHESIA OF UPPER EXTREMITY AND ITS COMPLICATIONS

Hakan Tapar, Mustafa Süren, Ziya Kaya, Semih Arıcı, Serkan Karaman, Mürsel Kahveci.

Abstract
Successful peripheral blocks and selection of appropriate technique according to surgery is possible with a good knowledge of anatomy.
Regional peripheral block anesthesia of upper extremity which applied by single injection to plexus brachialis is the most recommended method of anesthesia in daily surgical procedures. The most important advantages of peripheral nerve blocks which are type of regional anesthesia according to general anesthesia and central blocks are less effect to respiration and hemodynamics and shortness of recovery time. If a plexus brachialis catheter is placed, control of pain is provided without using systemic narcotic analgesic. With these advantages; rare life threatening potential complications can be seen which are pneumothorax, hematoma, neuritis, allergy, systemic and neurologic complications.
In this compilation we aimed to review again the complications of upper extremity nerve blocks according to block type.

Key words: Regional anesthesia, peripheral block, plexus brachialis, complication.



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