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Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(76): 1-30


Food Security Situation – The World and Turkey

Taylan KIYMAZ, Ahmet ŞAHİNÖZ.

Abstract
‘Structural adjustment programs’ implemented through international finance institutions and liberalization policies adopted via World Trade Organization accompanied by the market distructing policies of developed countries have adversely affected sustainability of agricultural production and market stability in developing countries. Market disturbances and supply or demand sided exogenous shocks, known as food crisis in 2007-2008 period, followed by a global finance crisis, have disrupted global food security. In this study, the food security conditions in the world and in Turkey are searched and compared in order to make policy recommendations for Turkey. By 2001, the structural adjustment programs implemented in Turkey raised supply sided problems in agriculture. Although food insecure population is low in Turkey, supply deficit in animal originated products is likely to create food insecurity or nutritional problems in the society. In this context, region-specific support of agriculture should be accepted as a new approach, the infrastructure investments should be prioritised and the regulatory role of the government should be recognized in upstream and downstream sectors of agriculture.

Key words: Food Security, Agricultural Markets, Structural Adjustment Programs, Agricultural Support. JEL Classification: Q10, Q13, Q17, Q18



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