Background: In India, sex ratio becomes a most important issue in recent Indian demography because of its worst condition. Deficit for the girls in the second and third order child was more evident among women who were either educated beyond primary school level or from upper income group and not engaged in any economic activities.
Aims: To study demographic scenario of female number and comparison of sex ratio with previous & future trend.
Design and Setting: This cross-sectional secondary data analysis study was conducted during November-December 2011.
Methods: Study included the data of Indian census 1901 to 2001 and provisional data of census 2011. Study had focused mainly on data of Gujarat and India. Study had systemically searched the data and relevant information from internet and index journals.
Results: Sex ratio is highest decreased in Kuchchh district (35), Amareli (23), Surat (23). Sex ratio increased in 18 districts of Gujarat in 2011 census. , in India there is improvement in sex ratio after implementation of PNDT act 1971 but in Gujarat there is still decrease in the sex ratio.
Conclusion: Use of the new technology and advances are wide spread in all social sector but it is more in the well-educated and well off society. Study results shows that if there is no change in current situation or more actions are not taken, sex ratio will continuously decrease. Parents in a society should change their attitude towards certain norms that lead them to give better care to their sons than their daughters, and excess female mortality may be an unintended consequence.
Census, Gender Discrimination, Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques, Sex Ratio