Introduction: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) results in long-term disability and can dramatically affect quality of life. The effects of SCI have an impact not only on the lives of the client and family but also on society as a whole. Patients with SCI need a well coordinated, specialized rehabilitation program consisting of a team of physicians and health care professionals to provide the tool necessary to develop a satisfying and productive post injury life style.
Objective: To assess effectiveness of physical rehabilitation in patients with spinalcord injury (SCI) and also to assess the functional improvement in patients with SCI with physical therapy.
Methodology: In this study 30 paraplegic patients were selected, whose fracture level was below D9 vertebrae. Physical rehabilitation was started depending on the patientís assessment. In general physical rehabilitation includes ROM exercises and positioning, strengthening, mat activities, transfer training, wheelchair skills, gait training, etc. Patients were reevaluated after six weeks of rehabilitation. Outcome measures were ASIA motor score, ASIA sensory score and FIM to assess motor function, sensory function and level of independence respectively.
Result: The result shows highly significant improvement in ASIA motor score, ASIA sensory score, motor score of FIM following six weeks of physical rehabilitation in paraplegics at 5% significance level except cognitive score of FIM.
Conclusion: The conclusion of the study is that physical rehabilitation plays very important role in improving physical capacity of patients as well as in making them functionally as much independent as possible.
Rehabilitation, Paraplegia, FIM, ASIA, Physical Therapy