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IJHSR. 2014; 4(3): 78-82

Association of Environmental Tobacco Smoking with Pulmonary Functions among Pregnant Women: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Jani Chaitsi, E. Shanmugunanth, Gopal Nambi, Ankita Makwana.

BACKGROUND: Environmental tobacco smoking is the exposure of a nonsmoker to tobacco smoke in the environment. Prolonged exposure to Environmental tobacco smoking during pregnancy significantly increases the risk for pregnancy & also fetal life. During pregnancy maintaining pulmonary status is of great importance & this was shown to be associated with significantly affect pulmonary function.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of environmental tobacco smoking on pulmonary functions in 2nd trimester pregnant women.
PURPOSE: To highlight the hazardous effect of environmental smoking among pregnant women thereby creating awareness in general population in order to minimize unwanted outcomes in pregnancy.
METHODS: The study included 100 pregnant women & divided into two groups- Group A involved 50 individuals who were not exposed to environmental smoking and Group-B who were exposed to it.
RESULT: Significant difference was got in FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEFR and Rate of perceive exertion scale between both the groups.
CONCLUSION: The study shows that pulmonary functions were affected among ETS exposed pregnant women compare to non exposed pregnant women.

Key words: Environmental Tobacco Smoking, Pregnant Women, Pulmonary functions

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