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Patients admitted to tertiary health care center colorectal cancer screening program awareness study

Serhat Pirinççi, Cenk Benli, Pınar Okyay.

Abstract
Aim: In 2008, 7.6 million cancer deaths occured in the world. In our country, second most common cause of death is cancers with the rate of 21.1 %. The third most common cancer in the world is colorectal cancer. In this research the detection of participants’ awareness about colorectal cancer and screening programmes were aimed.
Methods: Our study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. In our study, a 25-item questionnaire was applied to 381 patients who were over 50 years old and admitted to 26 clinics in the Adnan Menderes Medical Faculty with the method of face to face interview. The descriptive data was given as percentages and median (min-max). In the statistical evaluation chi-square test and logistic regression test were used. Type 1 error alpha level was taken as 0.05.
Results: The median age of participants was 51. 55.7% were female. 85.8% of women were married and 44.1% of them were housewifes. The participants stated that they had heard the colorectal screening programmes (56.2%) and KETEM (17,6%). 20.5% of the participants had colorectal cancer screening. The most common screening method was fecal occult blood test (77%). The frequency of colorectal cancer screening was similar between the participants who had family history of a cancer and who did not have. Conclusion: Because of 82.4% participants had not heard about KETEM, the knowledge of KETEM should be increased. Awareness studies for relatives of patients with colorectal cancer should be conducted. Due to low rates of correct answers were given to the questions of methods for screening methods,our people should be informed about colorectal cancer screening

Key words: colorectalcancer, cancer screening, awareness



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