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Natl J Integr Res Med. 2014; 5(2): 54-55

Role of Laparoscopy In Peritonitis

Dr. H.L. Leuva*, Dr. M.R. Kushwaha*, DrMukeshSuvera**, Dr. K.D. Parmar**.

Background:Acute peritonitis is an acute inflammation of the peritoneum, either localized or generalized. If there is delay in diagnosis and appropriate treatment, it may worsen the condition and produce a fata outcome. Acute peritonitis is an abdominal emergency containing 20-25% of total emergency. Laparoscopy has a significant role in diagnosis as well as management of acute peritonitis. Methods:The patients were selected from indoor registration cases from V.S. General Hospital from 2010-2012. In total, 30 patients underwent diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy for acute peritonitis. Results and Interpretation:Acute peritonitis is distributed in both sexes at almost same frequency. Acute peritonitis is distributed in all age groups. It is more common in 16-45 years age group which contains approximately 65-70%. Appendicitis is the major cause of peritonitis. Other causes were pericholecystic collection and perforation was the cause in 10% of patients. Conclusion:Diagnosis and management of the patient with acute peritonitis is a challenging part of a surgeonís practice. Laparoscopy has a small but substantial role to play in relatively stable patients of acute peritonitis. [ Leuva H et al NJIRM 2014; 5(2) :54-55]

Key words: Peritonitis, laparoscopy, appendicectomy, cholecystectomy, perforation

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