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Natl J Med Res. 2011; 1(2): 45-47


PERCEPTIONS REGARDING MOSQUITO BORNE DISEASES IN AN URBAN AREA OF RAJKOT CITY

Amul B. Patel, Hitesh Rathod, Pankil Shah, Viren Patel, Jignesh Garsondiya, Rasmi Sharma.

Abstract
Background: Mosquito borne diseases is a growing urban problem because of unplanned urbanization, industrialization and excessive population growth coupled with rural to urban migration. For developing a suitable and effective health education strategy, it is inevitable to understand the level of knowledge of the community, their attitude and practices regarding mosquito borne diseases.
Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out in an urban field practice area of Urban Health Centre in Rajkot city. Total 500 houses were selected for study by systematic random sampling. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire during transmission season of vector borne diseases. The results were analyzed using the SPSS 17 software.
Results: 90% respondents agreed that mosquitoes are a problem. 30.4% didnít know breeding sites of mosquitoes. Only 11.6% of people associated clean water collections with mosquito breeding. Regarding diseases transmitted by mosquito, 62% answered malaria, 37.4% were not aware and 8.8% people mentioned about Filariasis, Dengue or Japanese encephalitis. 4.7% granted mosquito control as responsibility of community. 61.4 % were using repellents for prevention against mosquito bites and 39% not taking any preventive measure. 67.8% consulted private practitioner for treatment.
Conclusion: Intensified efforts towards creating public awareness and mobilizing the community regarding the preventive measures they can take are needed.

Key words: Mosquito borne diseases, community perception, mosquitoes, malaria



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