Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access


Anesthetic Management of Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery and Methods of Reducing Blood Loss

Ebru Biricik, Yasemin Güneş.

One of the most common craniofacial congenital abnormalities requiring surgery is craniosynostosis where there is premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. A thorough assessment of the airway is necessary to enable careful planning of the anesthetic technique for craniofacial surgery. Pediatric craniofacial reconstruction procedures, has been associated with significant morbidity including cardiac arrest, massive transfusion, coagulopathy, severe hypotension, air embolism, largely related to blood loss. Transfusion of homologous blood is associated with significant and well-known risks. Reported transfusion rates for pediatric patients undergoing surgical correction of synostotic calvarial sutures vary between 20 and 500% of estimated blood volume. Attempts at reducing exposure to allogeneic transfusions, using blood conservation techniques such as controlled hypotension and normovolemic hemodilution, have met with mixed results and are not always practical in small infants. In children undergoing surgical correction of craniosynostosis, pre-treated with erythropoietin, intraoperative tranexamic acid reduces transfusion requirement.

Key words: Craniosynostosis, blood loss, erythropoietin, Tranexamic Acid, otologous transfusion.

Share this Article

Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons