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IJHSR. 2014; 4(6): 31-36


Cardiovascular Risk Behaviour Assessment among First Year Medical Students and House Surgeons of a Medical College in South India.

Amruth M, Annarao G Kulkarni, Suchit V Kamble, Sagar A Borker, Rekha R, Imaad M Ismail.

Abstract
Context: Chronic diseases in India accounted for 53% of all deaths. Out of which 24% were due to cardiovascular diseases alone. Lifestyle related behavioural risk factors are mainly implicated for increase in cardiovascular diseases among medical professionals, and a related research among medical students is essential.
Aims: To assess the cardiovascular risk behaviour among first year medical students and house surgeons of K.V.G Medical College, Sullia and to compare the same among both groups.
Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was done during June 2012 to August 2012 among 58 first year medical students and 60 house surgeons of K.V.G Medical College, Sullia, D.K., Karnataka.
Methods and Material: A self administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain information.
Statistical analysis: It was done using SPSS version 17. Binary logistic regression analysis was applied.
Results: The study subjects were 60 house surgeons belonged to 21-25yrs age group and 58 first year medical students belonged to 17-20yrs age group. Consumption of at least 3 servings of fruits or vegetables per day was less among house surgeons. Frequent consumption of soft drinks was significant among house surgeons (p=0.001). Low physical activity and high sedentary activity (p=0.002) was reported more among first year students. Current smoking and alcohol users were found only among house surgeons.
Conclusion: Modifiable cardiovascular risk behaviours are more prevalent among house surgeons compared to first year medical students. Health education is essential to target these risk behaviours by encouraging all the future doctors to adopt healthy lifestyle.

Key words: Cardiovascular, risk behaviours, medical students, house surgeons.



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