Introduction: Infertility is a common problem which affects a significant percentage of all married couples. In developing countries it is considered as a social stigma. On account of this many couples seek remedies which would bring an end to their quest for a progeny. This study aims to highlight the possible causes of reduced sperm count and sperm motility for establishing the male factor in a study of infertile couples attending a fertility clinic in a rural medical college hospital.
Materials and Methods: Sperm samples were collected from 55 males attending a fertility clinic and were subjected to analysis using an automatic sperm analyzer. The results were tabulated and subjected to morphological and statistical analysis.
Result: The mean semen volume was 1.60 ml. The mean liquefaction duration was 17.75 minutes. The mean sperm count was 30 million per ml. Azoospermic males were 16. Oligospermic males were 19. Normal morphology was seen in 20 cases. Motile sperms amounted for 30.94%. The mean ph was 7.5. The rapid progressive motility was 22.13%. Non progressive motility was 8.63%. Immotility was 32.12%. Normal morphology of sperms was 11.30%. Motile sperm concentration was 17.20 million per ml. Progressive motile sperm concentration was 12.97 million per ml. Functional sperm concentration was 4.18 million per ml. Average velocity of sperm was 5.64 microns per second.
Conclusion: From the present study it is evident that there has been a decline in the sperm count of men which is a positive finding and a factor for male infertility. Since the sample size is modest extensive study has to be done in a larger sample size to obtain a conclusive idea for factors responsible for decline in sperm count.
Semen, analysis, infertility, sperm, sperm count, motility