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IJHSR. 2014; 4(7): 197-202

Item Analysis of Multiple Choice Questions- An Assessment of the Assessment Tool.

Gyata Mehta, Varsha Mokhasi.

Objectives- The aim of the study was to assess the quality of multiple choice questions, for creating a viable question bank for future use. The purpose was also to identify the low achievers and their learning difficulties which can be corrected by counselling or modifying learning methods.
Methods-The study was conducted in the department of Anatomy. A hundred First-year MBBS students took the MCQs test comprising of fifty questions. There was no negative marking and evaluation was done out of fifty marks and 50% score was the passing mark. Post validation of the paper was done by item analysis. Each item was analysed for Difficulty index, Discrimination index and Distractor effectiveness.
Results- Difficulty index of 31(62%) items was in the acceptable range (p value 30-70%), 16(32%) items were too easy (p value >70%) and 3(6%) items were too difficult(p value 0.35), 9(18%) items was good (d value 0.20-0.34) and 15(30%) items were poor (d value

Key words: item analysis, multiple choice questions, difficulty index, discrimination index, distractor effectiveness

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