A Study on the Extent of Overweight/Obesity, and Underweight and, Its Determinants among the School Going Children of Urban/Rural Areas of Ahmedabad District, Gujarat. Mitali Leuva, Krunal Modi, Niti Talsania.
Aims and Objective: To assess the prevalence of Overweight/Obesity, and underweight among school children in the rural and urban areas of Ahmedabad district.
Material and Methods: It was the school based Cross – Sectional Epidemiological study, carried out during the period December 2012-December 2013, and conducted in Private, Government and Municipal schools of Ahmedabad city among School going children studying in 8th, 9th and 10th High school standard of Ahmedabad district in the age group 12-17 years of both sexes were included in this study. After taking the informed consent, the students were asked to fill the pre - validated questionnaire. Data entry was done in Microsoft Office Access Database and analysis was done by Epi Info 7.
Results: Out of 1486, urban 775 (52.1%) and rural 711 (47.9%) adolescents were included. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity was significantly high in urban area 18(62.1%) as compared to in rural area 11 (37.9%). 8 (27.6%) of Overweight & Obese adolescents had positive history of obesity in father while 10 (17.24%) of adolescents had positive history of Overweight/obesity in mother. Out of 29 overweight/obese adolescents, 19 students gave positive history of outdoor activity while 10 gave negative history of outdoor activity. 950 (63.9%) children found underweight among them 536 (56.4%) were boys and, 414 (43.6%) were girls. Conclusion: The results of this study expose the fact that the percentage of Overweight/Obese, and underweight children are growing in Gujarat also like in other states of India & other parts of world. The increasing trend of the modern day epidemic of Overweight/Obesity in children calls for immediate action in both rural and urban areas.
Overweight/Obesity, Underweight, Adolescent, BMI