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Planfulness moderates intentions to plan and planning behaviour for physical activity.

Chetan D Mistry, Shane N Sweet, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes.

Abstract
Conscientiousness can predict participation in physical activity. A facet of conscientiousness that may contribute to organization for physical activity is planfulness. Planfulness may be a determinant of planning behaviour for physical activity. The relationship between dispositional needs to plan (planfulness), intentions to plan, perceived control over planning, planning behaviour and physical activity has yet to be investigated. The purpose of the present study was to determine if planfulness moderated the relationship between intentions to plan and planning behaviour for physical activity. The secondary objective was to test if planfulness moderated the relationship between planning behaviour and physical activity. Participants were adults (n=337, Mage=31.05.2yrs) with intentions to be active. Participants reported planfulness, perceived behavioural control over planning, intentions to plan, planning behaviour, physical activity intentions and physical activity behaviour at baseline (T1) and after one month (T2). Moderation analyses were conducted using hierarchical regressions. After controlling for trait planfulness, cognitions towards planning and previous planning behaviour, the interaction between planfulness and intentions to plan was significant (R2Δ=0.02, p

Key words: physical activity, plan, planfulness, conscientiousness, personality



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